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The association of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) with subsequent cancer remains unclear. We investigated the risk of future cancer among tuberculosis (TB) contacts with or without subsequent TB activation. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a nationwide population-based study. TB contacts during 1997 to 2012(More)
This study was undertaken to identify factors associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Taipei, Taiwan in 2007-2008. Taiwanese adults with culture-positive PTB diagnosed in Taipei during the study period were included in this retrospective cohort study. Unfavorable outcomes were classified as treatment default,(More)
BACKGROUND Injecting drug users (IDUs) in Taiwan contributed significantly to an HIV/AIDS epidemic in 2005. In addition, studies that identified risk factors of HCV/HIV co-infection among IDUs were sparse. This study aimed to identify risk factors of HCV/HIV co-infection and HCV mono-infection, as compared with seronegativity, among injecting drug users(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory responses from chronic infection might affect the brain and increase the risk of depressive disorder. However, the temporal association between chronic infection (eg, tuberculosis [TB]) and incident depressive disorder has not been prospectively evaluated. OBJECTIVE To determine the association of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and(More)
Evidence regarding the association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality in TB patients is limited and inconsistent. We investigated the effect of BMI on TB-specific and non-TB-specific mortality in TB patients. All adult Taiwanese with TB in Taipei, Taiwan, during 2011 to 2012 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Multinomial logistic(More)
A 79-year-old male with acute myelogenous leukemia developed acute right knee arthritis during admission, after the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics before chemotherapy. The initial synovial fluid sample appeared to be mildly inflammatory with a low white cell count. The fungal septic arthritis was not diagnosed until Candida tropicalis, a rare species of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of directly observed therapy (DOT) on tuberculosis-specific mortality and non-TB-specific mortality and identify prognostic factors associated with mortality among adults with culture-positive pulmonary TB (PTB). METHODS All adult Taiwanese with PTB in Taipei, Taiwan were included in a retrospective cohort study in(More)
BACKGROUND people with weakened immunity because of age or co-morbidities comprised the fastest growing portion of tuberculosis (TB). Higher mortality before or during TB treatment was observed. In spite of the increasing longevity worldwide, surveys focussing specifically on elderly TB are scarce. OBJECTIVE to identify prognostic factors of mortality(More)
Available evidence shows that metabolic syndrome (Mets) has clear adverse effects for middle-aged and pre-elderly adults; however, the effect of Mets on mortality among elderly adults remains unclear. In addition, the comparative utility of Mets and its component for predicting mortality among the elderly has not been clearly established. Using data from a(More)
OBJECTIVES It is not known if the incidences of autoimmune diseases are higher in individuals living with HIV infection or AIDS. Our study investigated the incidences of autoimmune diseases among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Taiwan during 2000-2012. METHODS The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify PLWHA. The(More)