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The effects of coumarin on cell viability, cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis were investigated in human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Coumarin was cytotoxic with an IC50 of 54.2 microM, induced morphological changes, and caused G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis. The decreasing number of viable cells appeared to be due to induction of cell cycle arrest and(More)
We examined the epidemiological profile of rotavirus infection among children hospitalized for diarrhea in Taiwan, to assess the burden of this disease. From 1 April 2001 through 31 March 2003, children <5 years old with gastroenteritis admitted to 4 sentinel hospitals were enrolled in a surveillance study and had stool specimens tested for the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Infective endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a rare disease. Since its first description in 1988, there have only been a few reports of this disease and the causative organism. These publications were primarily case reports and brief case series. We conducted a literature review to identify the nature of the disease and(More)
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a benign and self-limited disorder. The common clinical features are fever and cervical lymphadenitis. A 9-year-old girl with fever and cervical lymphadenitis was admitted because of persistent symptoms. A cervical lymph node biopsy showed the characteristic features of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease. Herein, we will discuss the(More)
To evaluate the potential of DNA vaccine against dengue (DEN) infection, we characterize the protective efficacy and immune responses of mice intramuscularly injected with plasmid encoding DEN-2 non-structural protein 1 (NS1). Intravenously challenged by lethal DEN-2, mice vaccinated with NS1-DNA exhibited a delay onset of paralysis, a marked decrease of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and novel therapies are urgently needed. Recently, aberrant expression of Aurora kinases has been reported in various human cancers including HCC. We sought to investigate the potential of a potent and selective Aurora kinase inhibitor, VE-465, for targeted(More)
Rotavirus infection is the most important cause of diarrheal illness in small children in both developed and developing countries. In addition to causing morbidity and mortality in children, the treatment of rotavirus gastroenteritis is a major economic burden on the health care system and families. The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common cause of systemic vasculitis in children, long-term and large-scale Taiwanese studies on HSP are rare. We reviewed the records of 107 Taiwanese pediatric patients diagnosed with HSP at our institution between 1991 and 2005. METHODS The first clinical manifestations,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To determine the frequency, risk factors, associated pathogens, and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) after pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS This was a retrospective review of the medical records of patients younger than 18 years with congenital heart disease (CHD) who underwent cardiac surgery from January 2005 to(More)
BACKGROUND In Taiwan, trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) is in the routine immunization schedule, but its association with illnesses had not been examined. OBJECTIVES To investigate clinical presentations and viral characteristics of patients with poliovirus isolates. STUDY DESIGN Clinical data, vaccination records and viral sequences were(More)