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Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based signal amplification and detection methods using plasmonic nanostructures have been widely investigated for imaging and sensing applications. However, SERS-based molecule detection strategies have not been practically useful because there is no straightforward method to synthesize and characterize highly(More)
An ideal surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanostructure for sensing and imaging applications should induce a high signal enhancement, generate a reproducible and uniform response, and should be easy to synthesize. Many SERS-active nanostructures have been investigated, but they suffer from poor reproducibility of the SERS-active sites, and the wide(More)
Hypoxia is a condition found in various intractable diseases. Here, we report self-assembled nanoparticles which can selectively release the hydrophobic agents under hypoxic conditions. For the preparation of hypoxia-responsive nanoparticles (HR-NPs), a hydrophobically modified 2-nitroimidazole derivative was conjugated to the backbone of the carboxymethyl(More)
Dual-modal in vivo tumor imaging and photodynamic therapy using hexagonal NaYF(4):Yb,Er/NaGdF(4) core-shell upconverting nanoparticles combined with a photosensitizer, chlorin e6, is reported. Tumors can be clearly observed not only in the upconversion luminescence image but also in the magnetic resonance image. In vivo photodynamic therapy by systemic(More)
Bioreducible carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) derivatives are synthesized by the chemical modification of CMD with lithocholic acid (LCA) through a disulfide linkage. The hydrophobic nature of LCA allows the conjugates (CMD-SS-LCAs) to form self-assembled nanoparticles in aqueous conditions. Depending on the degree of LCA substitution, the particle diameters(More)
Lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) have recently attracted enormous attention in the field of biological imaging owing to their unique optical properties (near-infrared excitation followed by photoluminescence in the visible spectral range). For biological applications, it is critical to understand the interaction between these(More)
We report on imaging living bacterial cells by using a correlated tapping-mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) and confocal fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). For optimal imaging of Gram-negative Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 cells, we explored different methods of bacterial sample preparation, such as spreading the cells on poly-L-lysine coated(More)
We have studied the laser-excitation-intensity-dependent and Ag-nanocluster interstitial-site-dependent SERS intensity fluctuations under low molecule surface coverage of rhodamine 6G and cytochrome c. A new two-channel photon time-stamping system coupled with atomic force microscopic (AFM), Raman spectroscopic, and imaging microscopy was developed and(More)
We report vapor-phase synthesis of single-crystalline free-standing Ag nanowires (NWs) and polarized surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of a single NW. To the best of our knowledge, vapor-phase synthesis of single-crystalline Ag NWs and polarized SERS on an individual NW have not yet been reported. Silver has the highest electrical and thermal(More)