Learn More
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based signal amplification and detection methods using plasmonic nanostructures have been widely investigated for imaging and sensing applications. However, SERS-based molecule detection strategies have not been practically useful because there is no straightforward method to synthesize and characterize highly(More)
Lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) have recently attracted enormous attention in the field of biological imaging owing to their unique optical properties (near-infrared excitation followed by photoluminescence in the visible spectral range). For biological applications, it is critical to understand the interaction between these(More)
Hypoxia is a condition found in various intractable diseases. Here, we report self-assembled nanoparticles which can selectively release the hydrophobic agents under hypoxic conditions. For the preparation of hypoxia-responsive nanoparticles (HR-NPs), a hydrophobically modified 2-nitroimidazole derivative was conjugated to the backbone of the carboxymethyl(More)
Bioreducible carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) derivatives are synthesized by the chemical modification of CMD with lithocholic acid (LCA) through a disulfide linkage. The hydrophobic nature of LCA allows the conjugates (CMD-SS-LCAs) to form self-assembled nanoparticles in aqueous conditions. Depending on the degree of LCA substitution, the particle diameters(More)
Dual-modal in vivo tumor imaging and photodynamic therapy using hexagonal NaYF(4):Yb,Er/NaGdF(4) core-shell upconverting nanoparticles combined with a photosensitizer, chlorin e6, is reported. Tumors can be clearly observed not only in the upconversion luminescence image but also in the magnetic resonance image. In vivo photodynamic therapy by systemic(More)
We report on imaging living bacterial cells by using a correlated tapping-mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) and confocal fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). For optimal imaging of Gram-negative Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 cells, we explored different methods of bacterial sample preparation, such as spreading the cells on poly-L-lysine coated(More)
An ideal surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanostructure for sensing and imaging applications should induce a high signal enhancement, generate a reproducible and uniform response, and should be easy to synthesize. Many SERS-active nanostructures have been investigated, but they suffer from poor reproducibility of the SERS-active sites, and the wide(More)
This perspective presents an overview of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering (sm-SERS). Our overview is organized as a brief theoretical background, discussion of the factors that enhance SERS, various experimental preparations for inserting a single molecule in a hot spot, recent sm-SERS experiments, and a perspective. Although, there have(More)
Lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) have recently attracted enormous attention in the field of biological imaging owing to their unique optical properties: (1) efficient upconversion photoluminescence, which is intense enough to be detected at the single-particle level with a (nonscanning) wide-field microscope setup equipped with a(More)