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Recently a number of nonclass I genes were discovered in the human MHC class I region. One of these, FAT10, encodes a protein consisting of two domains with homology to ubiquitin. FAT10 mRNA is expressed constitutively in some lymphoblastoid lines and dendritic cells and in certain other cells after gamma-interferon induction. FAT10 protein expression is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease ranges from fatty liver alone to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Most previous studies have short follow-up and have not carefully delineated different histological types when determining clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients(More)
Pyogenic liver abscess is an uncommon complication of intra-abdominal or biliary tract infection and is usually a polymicrobial infection associated with high mortality and high rates of relapse. However, over the past 15 years, we have observed a new clinical syndrome in Taiwan: liver abscesses caused by a single microorganism, Klebsiella pneumoniae. We(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins interact with diverse cellular molecules involved in various signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation, transformation, and apoptosis. To aid our investigation of the biological function of 14-3-3 proteins, we have set out to identify high-affinity antagonists. By screening phage display libraries, we have identified a(More)
A novel nucleic acid stain, SYBR Gold, was used to stain marine viral particles in various types of samples. Viral particles stained with SYBR Gold yielded bright and stable fluorescent signals that could be detected by a cooled charge-coupled device camera or by flow cytometry. The fluorescent signal strength of SYBR Gold-stained viruses was about twice(More)
Cbl-b, a ring-type E3 ubiquitin protein ligase, is implicated in setting the threshold of T lymphocyte activation. The p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) was identified as a substrate for Cbl-b. We have shown that Cbl-b negatively regulated p85 in a proteolysis-independent manner. Cbl-b is involved in the recruitment of p85 to(More)
We sought to determine the minimum effective dose of dexamethasone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in women undergoing thyroidectomy. Two hundred twenty-five women (n = 45 in each of five groups) undergoing thyroidectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled in this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Immediately after the(More)
Resistance (intermediate and high) to penicillin among Streptococcus pneumoniae strains is an emerging problem worldwide. From 1995 to 1997, isolates of S. pneumoniae not susceptible to penicillin were seen with increasing frequency from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, and middle ear fluid from pediatric patients at the Veterans General(More)
Ubiquitination of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases (RPTKs) terminates signaling by marking active receptors for degradation. c-Cbl, an adapter protein for RPTKs, positively regulates RPTK ubiquitination in a manner dependent on its variant SRC homology 2 (SH2) and RING finger domains. Ubiquitin-protein ligases (or E3s) are the components of ubiquitination(More)
Genetic studies identified Itch, which is a homologous to the E6-associated protein carboxyl terminus (Hect) domain-containing E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that is disrupted in non-agouti lethal mice or Itchy mice. Itch-deficiency results in abnormal immune responses and constant itching in the skin. Here, Itch was shown to associate with Notch, a protein(More)