Yunfei Zhang

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The UL3 gene of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is retained in the genome of defective interfering particles and encodes a ~33kDa myristylated protein. Further characterization showed that the UL3 gene is trans-activated only by the sole immediate early (IE) protein and encodes an early protein that is dispensable for EHV-1 replication and localizes in the(More)
The pathogenesis of three equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) recombinants was assessed in a CBA mouse model. Sequences encoding the majority of glycoproteins I (gI) and E (gE) were deleted from the pathogenic EHV-1 strain RacL11 (L11deltagIdeltagE), and sequences comprising the 3859 bp deletion within the strain KyA U(S) segment, which includes genes 73 (gI), 74(More)
The equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) immediate-early (IE) and EICP0 proteins are potent trans-activators of EHV-1 promoters; however, in transient-transfection assays, the IE protein inhibits the trans-activation function of the EICP0 protein. Assays with IE mutant proteins revealed that its DNA-binding domain, TFIIB-binding domain, and nuclear localization(More)
The IR3 transcript of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) harbors 117 nts antisense to the immediate-early (IE) mRNA, suggesting it plays a regulatory role. Here, we show that the IR3 transcript downregulates IE gene expression and that the absence of IR3 expression altered EHV-1 biological properties and virulence in mice. Reporter assays revealed that the IR3/IE(More)
The mechanism(s) by which the early EICP27 gene product cooperates with other equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) regulatory proteins to achieve maximal promoter activity remains unknown. Transient transfection assays revealed that deletion of residues 93-140 of the 470-aa EICP27 protein substantially diminished its activation of the immediate-early (IE) promoter,(More)
One of the consequences of equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) infection in the natural host is a neurological disease that can lead to paralysis. The pathology associated with EHV-1-induced neurological disease includes vasculitis of the small blood vessels within the central nervous system and subsequent damage to the surrounding neural tissue. In a previous(More)
The 150 kbp genome of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is composed of a unique long (UL) region and a unique short (Us) segment, which is flanked by identical internal and terminal repeat (IR and TR) sequences of 12.7 kbp. We constructed an EHV-1 lacking the entire IR (vL11ΔIR) and showed that the IR is dispensable for EHV-1 replication but that the vL11ΔIR(More)
Defective interfering particles (DIP) of equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) inhibit standard virus replication and mediate persistent infection. The DIP genome is comprised of only three genes: UL3, UL4, and a hybrid gene composed of portions of the IR4 (EICP22) and UL5 (EICP27) genes. The hybrid gene is important for DIP interference, but the function(s) of the(More)
The CBA mouse model was used to investigate the immunopathology induced in the lung by the pathogenic equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) strain RacL11 in comparison to infection with the attenuated vaccine candidate strain KyA. Intranasal infection with KyA resulted in almost no inflammatory infiltration in the lung. In contrast, infection with the pathogenic(More)
Equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1)-specific antibody-secreting cells (ASC) isolated from the lung and spleen of mice at 12 months after immunization with attenuated EHV-1 KyA, heat-killed KyA, or recombinant viral glycoprotein D (rgD) assessed by ELISPOT showed a three- to fivefold increase in three immunoglobulin isotypes at 3 days post-challenge with pathogenic(More)