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To prepare and evaluate an allopurinol mouth rinse for prophylaxis of fluorouracil-induced mucositis, 33 patients with malignant disorders, who were going to receive 5-fluorouracil containing chemotherapy, were enrolled in a placebo-controlled double-blinded randomized clinical trial. Allopurinol mouthwash (1 mg/ml) or placebo was administered 1, 2 and 3 h(More)
PURPOSE To review the acute and chronic pathological effects of sulfur mustard on the genitourinary system and male fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS We searched PubMed and Google Scholar to find studies related to the sulfur mustard-induced genitourinary effects and male infertility. Information in the abstracts of non-English related papers as well as(More)
Current medications have limited efficacy in controlling the symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD), and are associated with several adverse events on long-term use. Curcuminoids are extremely safe and multifunctional phytopharmaceuticals that have been shown to alleviate depressive symptoms in a variety of experimental models. The present study aimed(More)
Treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) is challenging owing to the inefficacy and long-term adverse events of currently available medications including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Curcuminoids are polyphenolic phytochemicals with established anti-inflammatory properties and protective effects on chondrocytes. The aim of this study is to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia is an established feature of metabolic syndrome (MS) that is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Curcuminoids are natural products with anti-atherosclerotic and lipid-modifying effects but their efficacy in patients with MS has not yet been tested. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of(More)
Curcuminoids are bioactive polyphenolics with potent antiinflammatory properties. Although several lines of in vitro and preclinical evidence suggest potent anticancer effects of curcuminoids, clinical findings have not been conclusive. The present randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of curcuminoids as adjuvant(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines are involved in the development of metabolic abnormalities that may result in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Since curcumin has shown anti-inflammatory properties, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of curcumin supplementation on serum cytokines concentrations in subjects with MetS. METHODS This study was a post-hoc analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common hepatic diseases in the general adult population. Dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, and insulin resistance are common risk factors and accompanying features of NAFLD. Curcumin is a dietary natural product with beneficial metabolic effects relevant to the treatment of NAFLD. AIM To(More)
Oxidative stress plays a key role in the development of chronic pulmonary complications of sulfur mustard (SM). Curcuminoids are polyphenols with documented safety and antioxidant activity. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of short-term supplementation with curcuminoids (co-administered with piperine to enhance the bioavailability of(More)
NF-κB pathway has long been considered as one of the potent prototypical pro-inflammatory signaling pathway and its role in several aspects of human health has been established. Recent studies have suggested that NF-κB activation is the master key in early development and pathobiology of several Cancers. Curcumin is a polyphenolic phytochemical compound(More)