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The Rac and Cdc42 GTPases share several regulators and effectors, yet perform distinct biological functions. The factors determining such specificity in vivo have not been identified. In a mutational screen in Drosophila to identify Rac-specific signaling components, we isolated 11 alleles of myoblast city (mbc). mbc mutant embryos exhibit defects in dorsal(More)
We have identified a human Rho protein, RhoE, which has unusual structural and biochemical properties that suggest a novel mechanism of regulation. Within a region that is highly conserved among small GTPases, RhoE contains amino acid differences specifically at three positions that confer oncogenicity to Ras (12, 59, and 61). As predicted by these(More)
The PKN family of PKC-related protein kinases constitutes the major Rho GTPase-associated protein kinase activities detected in mammalian tissues. However, the biological functions of these kinases are unknown. We have identified a closely related PKN homolog in Drosophila (Pkn) that binds specifically to GTP-activated Rho1 and Rac1 GTPases through distinct(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) signaling is paramount for normal mammary gland development and function and the repression of breast cancer. ERalpha function in gene regulation is mediated by a number of coactivators and corepressors, most of which are known to modify chromatin structure and/or influence the assembly of the regulatory complexes at the(More)
It has become increasingly clear in the last few years that the Rho family GTPases regulate cytoskeleton rearrangements that are essential for a variety of morphogenetic events associated with the development of multicellular organisms. In particular, Drosophila has provided an excellent in vivo system for deciphering the signaling pathways mediated by Rho(More)
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