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BACKGROUND Excitatory amino acid toxicity, oxidative stress, intracellular calcium overload, as well as inflammation and apoptosis are involved in the pathological process after cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury. Picrodide 2 could inhibit neuronal apoptosis and play anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injuries, but(More)
The aim is to investigate the effect of neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta) on the neuronal apoptosis and the expressions of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in rats following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. The animal models of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) were established(More)
Astragalus is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine and has been proven beneficial for many aspects of human health. It is important to explore the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of astragalus injection in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. The focal cerebral ischemic model with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion was(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of picroside II on neuronal apoptosis and the expression of caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) following middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion in male Wistar rats. Picroside II (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously into the tail vein of the animals. The neurological function deficits(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the optimal therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II for treating cerebral ischemic injury in rats according to the orthogonal test. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models were established by intraluminally inserting a thread into middle cerebral artery (MCA) from left external carotid artery (ECA).(More)
The aim is to investigate the effects of neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta) on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in brain tissue in rats following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. One hundred and fifty adult healthy male Wistar rats were used in the present study. Ten of them were randomized into a sham-operation(More)
It is known that mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoKATP) play a significant role in protecting cerebral function from ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is related with a decrease in the mitochondrial matrix calcium. However, the effect of mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) on diazoxide-induced cerebral protection is still indistinct.(More)
This paper aimed to explore the protective effects of picroside II against the neuronal apoptosis and changes in morphology and structure that follow cerebral ischemic injury in rats. A focal cerebral ischemic model was established by inserting a monofilament thread to achieve middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in 60 Wistar rats, and intraperitoneal(More)
Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Edaravone has been shown to have a neuroprotective effect. In the present work, we investigated the effect of edaravone on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-treated PC12 cells. Edaravone inhibited the decrease of cell viability and apoptosis induced by MPP(+) in PC12 cells. In(More)
It has been demonstrated that neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta) plays a neuroprotective role in cerebral ischemic injury, however, its defined mechanisms and the perfect treatment window are still elusive. Therefore, we established the animal model of MCAO/R to evaluate cerebral damage. As a result, neurological deficit scores were increased, and a small(More)