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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the development of most cancers. However, few studies have been conducted to determine their relationship to biliary tract cancer (BTC). Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been reported to be a tumor suppressor for hepatocellular carcinoma and breast cancer; but few studies have focused on its correlation with BTC. In this(More)
AIM To study the core cell damage in isolated islets of Langerhans and its prevention by low temperature preconditioning (26 degrees). METHODS Islets were cultured at 37 degrees for 7-14 d after isolation, and then at 26 degrees for 2, 4 and 7 d before additional culture at 37 degrees for another 7 d. Core cell damage in the isolated islets was monitored(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (CDK10) is a member of the Cdc2 family of kinases, and has been demonstrated to be an important determinant of resistance to endocrine therapy for breast cancer. To investigate the expression and possible function of CDK10 in biliary tract cancer (BTC), we systematically examined CDK10 in(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (Cdk10) is a Cdc2-related kinase and plays an essential role in the progression from the G2 to M phase of the cell cycle. However, relative little is known about its expression pattern, clinical relevance, and biological function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated the mRNA and protein(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the precise species of tick vector and the Borrelia spirochete pathogen at the Heilongjiang Province international border with Russia. METHODS In this study, ticks were collected from 12 Heilongjiang border crossings (including grasslands, shrublands, forests, and plantantions) to determine the rate and species type of(More)
It was recently demonstrated that interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), but the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be explored. In this study, we studied the role of suppresser of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), a negative feedback regulator of IL-6/STAT3, in the IL-6-induced EMT in(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), through activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and trefoil factor family 3 (TFF3), has been implicated in the promotion of mouse biliary epithelial cell (BEC) proliferation and migration. However, it is still unclear whether the IL-6/STAT3/TFF3 signaling had similar effects on human BECs. Here, we(More)
PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling promotes cell survival, proliferation and progression in cancer cells. Targeting this pathway may lead to the development of novel therapeutic approaches for human cancers. Here, we examined the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in pancreatic cancer cells, and assessed its therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate information is currently lacking regarding the values of positive margins (M(+)) and lymph node (LN) metastases as independent predictors of postoperative recurrence in invasive and noninvasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas. METHODS A comprehensive online literature search identified all types of(More)
BACKGROUND Triptolide, extracted from the herb Tripteryglum wilfordii Hook.f that has long been used as a natural medicine in China, has attracted much interest for its anti-cancer effects against some kinds of tumours in recent years. Artesunate, extracted from the Chinese herb Artemisia annua, has proven to be effective and safe as an anti-malarial drug(More)