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The inability of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy to detect extremely small refractive index changes has hindered its applications in ultrasensitive DNA analysis. In this study we report a signal amplification strategy that uses DNA-templated polyaniline deposition, suitable for DNA hybridization analysis with charge neutral peptide nucleic acid… (More)
This paper reports an effective method to enhance the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on Ag films by using a thin Ni seed layer assisted deposition. Ag films with a thickness of about 50 nm were deposited by electron beam evaporation above an ultrathin Ni seed layer of approximately 2 nm on both silicon and quartz substrates. The root-mean-square (rms)… (More)
We have integrated a surface plasmon grating coupler into a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for studying surface association/dissociation reactions. In the integrated system only QCM measurement is needed to record both the optical and the acoustic signals in the same association/dissociation reaction. This integration considerably simplifies a… (More)
We report the preparation of MnO2 nanotubes functionalized with Co3O4 nanoparticles and their use as bifunctional air cathode catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction in rechargeable zinc-air batteries. These hybrid MnO2/Co3O4 nanomaterials exhibit enhanced catalytic reactivity toward oxygen evolution reaction under alkaline… (More)
We report the synthesis of luminescent crystals based on hexagonal-phase NaYF4 upconversion microrods. The synthetic procedure involves an epitaxial end-on growth of upconversion nanocrystals comprising different lanthanide activators onto the NaYF4 microrods. This bottom-up method readily affords multicolor-banded crystals in gram quantity by varying the… (More)
In this study, we use the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) to study the immobilization of the enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid) (PEAA) films. The surface polarity of spin-coated PEAA films was varied by heat treatments in air or in a 30% NaOH aqueous solution leading to COOH-depleted or… (More)
Electrospun aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-based copolymer films exhibit an approximately 9-fold increase in response to explosive vapors compared to dense films although porous copolymer films have a thickness as high as 560 ± 60 nm.
The increasing global energy demand and the depletion of fossil fuels have stimulated intense research on fuel cells and batteries. Oxygen electrocatalysis plays essential roles as the electrocatalytic reduction and evolution of di-oxygen are always the performance-limiting factors of these devices relying on oxygen electrochemistry. A novel perovskite with… (More)
We report 2D microporous carbon sheets with high surface area, derived from eggplant via simple carbonization and KOH activation, as low cost yet efficient bifunctional catalysts for high performance rechargeable zinc-air batteries.
Transition metal sulfides gain much attention as electrode materials for supercapacitors due to their rich redox chemistry and high electrical conductivity. Designing hierarchical nanostructures is an efficient approach to fully utilize merits of each component. In this work, amorphous MoS(2) is firstly demonstrated to show specific capacitance 1.6 times as… (More)