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Beclin 1, a mammalian autophagy protein that has been implicated in development, tumour suppression, neurodegeneration and cell death, exists in a complex with Vps34, the class III phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI(3)K) that mediates multiple vesicle-trafficking processes including endocytosis and autophagy. However, the precise role of the Beclin 1-Vps34(More)
Autophagy is a highly regulated cellular mechanism for the bulk degradation of cytoplasmic contents. It has been implicated in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions relevant to neurological diseases. However, the regulation of autophagy in neurons and its role in neuronal and axonal pathology are not yet understood. Using transgenic mice(More)
Electrophysiological analysis of cultured neurons provides a potential approach toward understanding the physiological defects that may contribute to abnormal behavior exhibited by mutants of the fruit fly Drosophila. However, its application has been restricted by an inability to identify a particular functional or anatomical subpopulation of neurons from(More)
Laminar specificity is one of the most striking features of neocortical circuitry. To explore the molecular basis of this specificity, particularly in relation to thalamocortical connectivity, we searched for the genes expressed in the upper cortical layers by constructing a subtraction cDNA library that was enriched for genes expressed in layer 4 of(More)
The regulation of cadherin-mediated adhesion at the cell surface underlies several morphogenetic processes. To investigate the role of cadherin regulation in morphogenesis and to begin to analyze the molecular mechanisms of cadherin regulation, we have screened for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that allow us to manipulate the adhesive state of the cadherin(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB), we examined chick retinal tissues histochemically using antibodies against tight junction proteins such as ZO-1, 7H6 antigen, and occludin. Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in situ in chickens and late chick embryos expressed all of the tight junctional proteins examined,(More)
Matrix metallinoprotease-9 (MMP9) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of post-ischemic blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption and the formation of lesions after cerebral ischemia. In this study we investigate the effect of brain-specific miRNAs on MMP-9 protein level in the rat hippocampus following cerebral ischemia and its underlying mechanism. Cerebral(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of Chinese isolates of the citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) bacterium based on the 16S rDNA and 16S/23S rDNA intergenic regions sequences was carried out. Nine HLB samples collected from different hosts with different symptoms in seven Chinese provinces, were subjected to PCR for amplifying and sequencing the 16S rDNA. The identity level(More)
Deficiency of autophagy protein beclin 1 is implicated in tumorigenesis and neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular mechanism remains elusive. Previous studies showed that Beclin 1 coordinates the assembly of multiple VPS34 complexes whose distinct phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase III (PI3K-III) lipid kinase activities regulate autophagy at different(More)
Huanglongbing disease (HLB), caused by Candidatus Liberobacter asiaticus, constitutes a most serious problem for the Chinese citrus industry. In this work, the use of vitrification-cryopreservation for eliminating Ca. L. asiaticus from naturally infected plants of several citrus species was investigated. Proliferating meristems were produced in vitro and(More)