Learn More
OBJECTIVES This study examined the protective effect of salubrinal and the mechanism underlying this protection against tunicamycin (TM)- and hypoxia-induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes. METHODS Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured from the ventricles of 1-day-old Wistar rats. Cells were exposed to different concentrations of salubrinal (10, 20,(More)
The serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP1 mediates the dephosphorylation of phosphorylated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit α (p-eIF2α), which is a central regulator of protein synthesis. In the present study, we examined the protective effects of PP1-12 (an inhibitor of the serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP1) against tunicamycin(More)
: PP1-12, a new protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor, is designed and synthesized to modulate the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress apoptotic pathway, which is involved in various cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we examined the effect of PP1-12 on ventricular remodeling and heart function after myocardial infarction. Rats that survived within 24 hours(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of eIF2α in cardiomyocyte apoptosis and evaluate the cardioprotective role of salubrinal in a rat myocardial infarction (MI) model. Rat left anterior descending coronary arteries were ligated and the classical proteins involved in the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-induced apoptotic pathway were(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum stress is a newly discovered pathway of apoptosis, following the death receptor signaling and mitochondrial pathways. Moderate stress triggers the unfolded protein response (UPR) to rsstore the cell function. However, if the stress is severe and/or prolonged, the ER also initiates apoptotic signaling that includes CHOP, ASK1/JNK and(More)
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is a transmembrane protein that consists of a cytoplasmic domain and an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) luminal domain. As unfolded protein levels arise in the ER, the ER cytoplasmic domain of ATF6 moves to the nucleus, where it activates the transcription of a range of genes, including those involved in apoptosis. As(More)
OBJECTIVES S100A12 has been proposed as a novel pivotal factor in inflammation produced by granulocytes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between S100A12 and chronic heart failure (CHF). DESIGN AND METHODS One hundred and seventy-seven patients with CHF and 66 subjects without CHF were included in this study. Plasma levels of(More)
Tunicamycin (TM) is an inducer of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. However, which genes related to ER stress was induced in cardiomyocytes on a genome-wide scale remains poorly understood. Salubrinal and its derivatives are ER stress inhibitors. However, the cellular protection mechanisms remain unresolved. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured from(More)
The phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (p-eIF2α) is essential for cell survival during hypoxia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether salubrinal, an inhibitor of p-eIF2α dephosphorylation could attenuate pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy in rats exposed to hypobaric(More)
  • 1