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Experiments designed to examine the energy requirements of neurophysiological function were performed on isolated rabbit retina. Function was altered by photic stimulation or by function-specific drugs, and the response of energy metabolism was assessed by simultaneous measurements of O2 consumption and lactate production. In other experiments, the supply(More)
Crohn's disease is a debilitating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that can involve the entire digestive tract. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) encoding a missense variant in the autophagy gene ATG16L1 (rs2241880, Thr300Ala) is strongly associated with the incidence of Crohn's disease. Numerous studies have demonstrated the effect of ATG16L1 deletion(More)
Atom chips provide a versatile quantum laboratory for experiments with ultracold atomic gases. They have been used in diverse experiments involving low-dimensional quantum gases, cavity quantum electrodynamics, atom-surface interactions, and chip-based atomic clocks and interferometers. However, a severe limitation of atom chips is that techniques to(More)
  • A Ames, Y Y Li
  • 1992
In vitro rabbit retina was used as an example of CNS tissue in experiments designed to measure the energy requirements associated with the activation of different types of glutamate receptors. Retinas were exposed to glutamate and to four analogs: kainate, 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (APB), 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), and(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision impairment in the ageing population, is characterized by irreversible loss of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and photoreceptors and can be associated with choroidal neovascularization. Mononuclear phagocytes are often present in AMD lesions, but the processes that direct myeloid cell(More)
High levels of protective immunity can be induced in different animals immunized with radiation-attenuated (RA) Schistosoma cercariae or schistosomula. However, the schistosome-derived molecules responsible for the strong protective effect elicited by RA schistosome larvae have not been identified or characterized. The 70-kDa heat shock proteins of(More)
The tegument of schistosomula contains T cell antigens that might simulate the protective mechanisms of the radiation-attenuated vaccine in a mouse model of schistosomiasis. Immune mechanisms mediated by the CD4+ Th1 response are important in the RAV model. To rapidly identify Th1 epitopes in molecules from the Schistosoma japonicum schistosomula tegument,(More)
  • M Christophe, Salomon Président, Mme Isabelle, Bouchoule Rapporteur, M Kurt, Gibble Rapporteur +84 others
  • 2009
Nous décrivons la conception et la construction d'une horloge atomique sur une pucè a atomes, visant une stabilité de quelques 10 −13à 1s et une application en tant qu'´ etalon secondaire. Cette horloge est basée sur la transitionà deux photons entre les sous-´ etats hyperfins |1, −1 et |2, 1 de l'´ etat fondamental de l'atome 87 Rb. Elle interroge cette(More)
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