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Three-dimensional (3D) representations of complex geometric shapes, especially when they are reconstructed from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) data, often result in large polygon meshes which require substantial storage for their handling, and normally have only one fixed level of detail (LOD). This can often be an obstacle(More)
Geometric modelling using Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) has been gradually recognised due to its smooth instinct, as well as the ability to generate a variety of geometric shapes by intuitively manipulating a relatively small set of PDE boundary curves. In this paper we explore and demonstrate the feasibility of the PDE method in facial geometry(More)
Direct parameterisation is among the most widely used facial animation techniques but requires complicated ways to animate face models which have complex topology. This paper develops a simple solution by introducing a PDE-based facial animation scheme. Using a PDE face model means we only needs to animate a group of boundary curves without using any other(More)
We introduce a novel approach to face models, which exploits the use of Partial Differential Equations (PDE) to generate the 3D face. This addresses some common problems of existing face models. The PDE face benefits from seamless merging of surface patches by using only a relatively small number of parameters based on boundary curves. The PDE face also(More)
A strategy of using structurally matched alumina insulation to produce lateral electrodes on semiconductor nanowires is presented. Nanowires in the architecture are structurally matched with alumina insulation using selective anodic oxidation. Lateral electrodes are fabricated by directly evaporating metallic atoms onto the opposite sides of the nanowires.(More)