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The Bacillus subtilis extracytoplasmic function (ECF) σ factor σ(M) is inducible by, and confers resistance to, several cell envelope-acting antibiotics. Here, we demonstrate that σ(M) is responsible for intrinsic β-lactam resistance, with σ(X) playing a secondary role. Activation of σ(M) upregulates several cell wall biosynthetic enzymes including one,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to measure the circulating level of microparticles (MP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus versus healthy volunteers and to evaluate their correlation with arterial elasticity and endothelium-dependent dilation. METHODS Flow cytometry was used to measure the circulating levels of MP, including annexinV+MP,(More)
The rapid introduction of new web services into a dynamic business environment can lead to undesirable interactions that negatively affect service quality and user satisfaction. In previous work, we have demonstrated how such interactions between web services can be modeled as feature interactions. In this paper, we outline a classification of web service(More)
The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) is a nuclear transcriptional coactivator that is widely expressed in the brain areas. Over-expression of PGC-1α can protect neuronal cells from oxidant-induced injury. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of PGC-1α in the oxygen (anoxia) deprivation (OGD)(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) is an anthracycline antibiotic for cancer therapy with limited usage due to cardiotoxicity. Isorhamnetin is a nature antioxidant with obvious cardiac protective effect. The aim of this study is going to investigate the possible protective effect of isorhamnetin against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity and its underlying mechanisms. In an in vivo(More)
Theragnostics polymer nanoparticles (NPs) loaded simultaneously with anticancer drug docetaxel (Dtxl) and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanocrystals were developed for both cancer therapy and ultrasensitive MRI. These multifunctional polymer vesicles were formed by carboxy-terminated poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid using a single emulsion evaporation(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common and serious disease which often induces catastrophic consequence in patients. Part of them exhibit neuropathic pain which presents unique challenges to clinicians, and there is no effective approach for the treatment up to now. Neural stem cells (NSCs) transplantation, as a promising and an effective method, could be(More)
The bacterial actin homolog MreB, which is crucial for rod shape determination, forms filaments that rotate around the cell width on the inner surface of the cytoplasmic membrane. What determines filament association with the membranes or with other cell wall elongation proteins is not known. Using specific chemical and genetic perturbations while following(More)
Cyclic-di-AMP (c-di-AMP) is an essential second messenger in Bacillus subtilis, and depletion leads to defects in the integrity of the cell wall. Levels of c-di-AMP are regulated by both the rates of synthesis (by diadenylate cyclases) and the rates of degradation (by the GdpP phosphodiesterase, formerly YybT). Little is known about the regulation of gdpP(More)
α-Proteobacteria uniquely integrate features of two-component signal transduction (TCS) and alternative sigma factor (σ) regulation to control transcription in response to general stress. The core of this regulatory system is the PhyR protein, which contains a σ-like (SL) domain and a TCS receiver domain. Aspartyl phosphorylation of the PhyR receiver in(More)