Learn More
Population signals from neuronal ensembles in cortex during behavior are commonly measured with EEG, local field potential (LFP), and voltage-sensitive dyes. A genetically encoded voltage indicator would be useful for detection of such signals in specific cell types. Here we describe how this goal can be achieved with Butterfly, a voltage-sensitive(More)
We have investigated the effect of hypoxia on the excitatory synaptic transmission in the substantia gelatinosa neurons using perforated-patch-clamp configuration. Brief periods of hypoxia induced a depression in the evoked excitatory postsynaptic current (eEPSC) amplitude. The hypoxia-induced depression of eEPSC was not observed in the presence of(More)
Dendrites are neuronal structures specialized for receiving and processing information through their many synaptic inputs. How input strengths are modified across dendrites in ways that are crucial for synaptic integration and plasticity remains unclear. We examined in single hippocampal neurons the mechanism of heterosynaptic interactions and the(More)
The spinal synaptic plasticity is associated with a central sensitization of nociceptive input, which accounts for the generation of hyperalgesia in chronic pain. However, how group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) may operate spinal plasticity remains essentially unexplored. Here, we have identified spike-timing dependent synaptic plasticity in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Advantages of new oral anticoagulations may be greater in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients of poor anticoagulation control with warfarin. The SAMe-TT2R2 scoring system, based on clinical variables, was recently developed to aid in identifying these patients. In this study, we investigated the association of this clinical composite(More)
Although hypoxia is known to affect membrane excitability of various neurons by various mechanisms, the effects of hypoxia on substantia gelatinosa (SG) neurons have not yet been elucidated. In whole-cell or perforated patch-clamp recordings from SG neurons, we showed that acute hypoxia induces a reversible hyperpolarization of -6.1+/-1.3 mV of the resting(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Several precut techniques have been used to gain biliary access for difficult cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success and complication rates of two precut techniques, transpancreatic septotomy (TPS) and needle knife infundibulotomy (NKI), in difficult biliary cannulation due to the presence of unintended pancreatic(More)
Functional imaging studies and voxel-based morphometry analysis of brain magnetic resonance imaging showed abnormalities in the hypothalamus-thalamus-orbitofrontal pathway, demonstrating altered hypocretin pathway in narcolepsy. Those distinct morphometric changes account for problems in wake-sleep control, attention and memory. It also raised the necessity(More)