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BACKGROUND The association between epicardial fat and coronary artery disease has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial fat to the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in a clinical setting. METHODS AND RESULTS Two hundred and three consecutive patients who(More)
To determine the epidemiologic features and clinical outcomes of bloodstream infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates, cases of bacteremia caused by these organisms in children were analyzed retrospectively. Among the 157 blood isolates recovered from 1993 to 1998 at the Seoul(More)
Adenovirus is an important cause of respiratory infections in infants and children. Fifty-one serotypes have been identified, and adenovirus type 3 (Ad3) and Ad7 have often been associated with outbreaks of severe respiratory tract infections. Each serotype can be further divided into genome types based on the patterns of digestion of their DNAs with(More)
Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes. Weight loss is associated with significant metabolic benefits. Our objective was to examine changes in adipocytokines and interleukin (IL) 10 in obese subjects before and after weight loss. We measured anthropometric parameters, adipocytokine and IL-10 in 78 obese(More)
Transition-metal ions (Cu2+ and Zn2+) play critical roles in the Abeta plaque formation. However, precise roles of the metal ions in the Abeta amyloidogenesis have been controversial. In this study, the molecular mechanism of the metal-induced Abeta oligomerization was investigated with extensive metal ion titration NMR experiments. Upon additions of the(More)
BACKGROUND Hspa1a and Hspa1b genes encode stress-inducible 70-kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp70) that protect cells from insults such as ischemia. Mice with null mutations of both genes (KO) were generated, and their cardiac phenotype was explored. METHODS AND RESULTS Heart rate and blood pressures were normal in the KO mice. Hearts from KO mice were more(More)
Stem cells, which are capable of self-renewing and differentiating into various types of cells, have captured great interest as a valuable resource for regenerative medicine and developmental biology research. Technical progress during the last decade has enabled the isolation of stem cells from a wide range of tissues, their differentiation into specific(More)
OBJECTIVES This ambidirectional intervention study was performed to examine the impact of a change in antibiotic policy on extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) prevalence in a children's hospital with a high prevalence of ESBL production among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. METHODS The use of extended-spectrum cephalosporins was restricted(More)
Of 72 blood isolates of Enterobacter spp. collected over an 8-year period, 50% (36 of 72) were derepressed or partially derepressed AmpC mutants. The extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production rate was 43% (31 of 72 isolates), and 67.3% (31 of 46) of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant strains produced ESBLs. Thus, a confirmatory test for ESBL(More)
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may play an important role for developing an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile. However, it has not been investigated if EAT is associated with coronary atherosclerosis in non-obese patients. We aimed to evaluate whether EAT is related to coronary atherosclerosis in non-obese patients. Among the consecutive patients who(More)