Yun Kyoung Kang

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The constitutive transport element (CTE) encoded by simian type D retroviruses directs unspliced viral RNAs into a nuclear export pathway that is congruent with the pathway used by cellular mRNAs. Here, we show that quail cells are refractory to CTE function but become highly permissive upon expression of the human Tap protein, a candidate CTE cofactor. Tap(More)
The multisubunit Mediator is a well established transcription coactivator for gene-specific activators. However, recent studies have shown that, although not essential for basal transcription by purified RNA polymerase II (pol II) and general initiation factors, Mediator is essential for basal transcription in nuclear extracts that contain a more(More)
The human Tap protein mediates the sequence-specific nuclear export of RNAs containing the constitutive transport element and is likely also critical for general mRNA export. Here, we demonstrate that a previously defined arginine-rich nuclear localization signal (NLS) present in Tap acts exclusively via the transportin import factor. Previously,(More)
Target gene activation by nuclear hormone receptors, including estrogen receptors (ERs), is thought to be mediated by a variety of interacting cofactors. Here we identify a number of nuclear extract-derived proteins that interact with immobilized ER ligand binding domains in a 17beta-estradiol-dependent manner. The most prominent of these are components of(More)
Mutational inactivation of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor initiates most hereditary and sporadic colon carcinomas. Although APC protein is located in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus, the protein domains required to maintain a predominantly cytoplasmic localization are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that nuclear export of APC is(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF-4) regulates the expression of many liver-specific genes both during development and in the adult animal. Towards understanding the molecular mechanisms by which HNF-4 functions, we have established in vitro transcription systems that faithfully recapitulate HNF-4 activity. Here we have focused on(More)
There is now convincing evidence that the human Tap protein plays a critical role in mediating the nuclear export of mRNAs that contain the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus constitutive transport element (CTE) and significant evidence that Tap also participates in global poly(A)(+) RNA export. Previously, we had mapped carboxy-terminal sequences in Tap that serve(More)
Coactivator activator (CoAA) has been reported to be a coactivator that regulates steroid receptor-mediated transcription and alternative RNA splicing. Herein, we show that CoAA is a dual-function coregulator that inhibits G(1)-S transition in human kidney cells and suppresses anchorage-independent growth and xenograft tumor formation. Suppression occurs in(More)
The human Tap protein has been proposed to mediate Mason Pfizer monkey virus constitutive transport element (CTE)-dependent nuclear RNA export and may also play a role in global mRNA export. Here, we have used in vivo assays, in both yeast and human cells, together with in vitro assays, to further characterize the RNA binding properties of Tap, which has(More)
The Tap protein mediates the sequence-specific nuclear export of mRNAs bearing the retroviral constitutive transport element (CTE) and also plays a critical role in the sequence nonspecific export of cellular mRNAs. Previously, we have demonstrated that CTE function displays species specificity, that is, the CTE functions in human but not quail cells. Here,(More)