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Curcumin, a natural, biologically active compound extracted from rhizomes of Curcuma species, has been shown to possess potent anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-oxidative properties. The mechanism by which curcumin initiates apoptosis remains poorly understood. In the present report we investigated the effect of curcumin on the activation of the(More)
Uroplakin II (UPII) gene expression is highly tissue and cell specific, with mRNA present in the suprabasal cell layers of the bladder and urethra. Previous reports described the mouse UPII (mUPII) promoter as primarily urothelium selective. However, ectopic expression of a transgene under the 3.6 kb mUPII promoter was also detected in brain, kidney, and(More)
CONTEXT The relationship between vitamin D status and pulmonary function has not been investigated for an East Asian population. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with lung function in Korean adults. DESIGN AND SETTING The analysis used data from the Korea National Health and(More)
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (scNT) is a useful way to create cloned animals. However, scNT clones exhibit high levels of phenotypic instability. This instability may be due to epigenetic reprogramming and/or genomic damage in the donor cells. To test this, we produced transgenic pig fibroblasts harboring the truncated human thrombopoietin (hTPO) gene and(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a potent chemopreventive agent in many test systems and has been shown to inhibit tumor promotion and induce apoptosis. In the present study, we determined the effect of vanadate, a potent inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatase, on EGCG-induced apoptosis. Investigation of the mechanism of EGCG or vanadate-induced apoptosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the effects of treatment with a selective PPAR-δ agonist±statin on plasma lipoprotein subfractions in dyslipidemic individuals. METHODS Ion mobility analysis was used to measure plasma concentrations of subfractions of the full spectrum of lipoprotein particles in 166 overweight or obese dyslipidemic individuals treated with the PPAR-δ(More)
CONTEXT A significant number of papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs), despite excellent prognosis, show aggressive features such as extrathyroidal extension (EE) and lymph node metastasis (LNM) that may not always be detected preoperatively or intraoperatively. The relapse rate appears also substantial. OBJECTIVE To assess the value of(More)
Embryo development is a complex and tightly controlled process. Nanoparticle injury can affect normal development and lead to malformation or miscarriage of the embryo. However, the risk that these nanoparticles may pose to reproduction is not clear. In this study, chitosan nanoparticles (CSNP) of near uniform size, in the range of 100 nm, were synthesized(More)
PURPOSE In Korea, it has been estimated that the number of the single-household elderly increased 45% from 2005 to 2010. This research was conducted to provide empirical resources for development of a community mental health program by an explorative investigation on depression, coping mechanism, and life satisfaction of a single-household elderly(More)
Arsenic trioxide has recently been shown to inhibit growth and induce apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), but little is known about the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects. In the present study, we determined the molecular pathways that lead to apoptosis after treatment of cells with arsenic trioxide. Arsenic trioxide treatment of U937(More)