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Responses to broadband Gaussian white noise were recorded in auditory-nerve fibers of deeply anesthetized chinchillas and analyzed by computation of zeroth-, first-, and second-order Wiener kernels. The first-order kernels (similar to reverse correlations or "revcors") of fibers with characteristic frequency (CF) <2 kHz consisted of lightly damped transient(More)
Neurons in the caudal hypothalamus (CH) are responsible for the modulation of various processes including respiratory and cardiovascular output. Previous results from this and other laboratories have demonstrated in vivo that these neurons have firing rhythms matched to the respiratory and cardiovascular cycles. The goal of the present study was to(More)
Two new fast algorithms for computing the inverse modified discrete cosine transform (IMDCT) as used in the adaptive spectral entropy coder (ASPEC) (Brandenburg et al. 1991) are proposed. A fixed-point error analysis is presented to determine the number of significant bits required for fixed-point implementations.
Basilar-membrane responses to white Gaussian noise were recorded using laser velocimetry at basal sites of the chinchilla cochlea with characteristic frequencies near 10 kHz and first-order Wiener kernels were computed by cross correlation of the stimuli and the responses. The presence or absence of minimum-phase behavior was explored by fitting the kernels(More)
Previous reports from this laboratory have shown that a high percentage of neurons in the caudal hypothalamus are stimulated by hypoxia both in vivo and in vitro. This stimulation is in the form of an increase in firing frequency and significant membrane depolarization. The goal of the present study was to determine if this hypoxia-induced excitation is(More)
The vibratory responses to tones of the stapes and incus were measured in the middle ears of deeply anesthetized chinchillas using a wide-band acoustic-stimulus system and a laser velocimeter coupled to a microscope. With the laser beam at an angle of about 40 ° relative to the axis of stapes piston-like motion, the sensitivity-vs.-frequency curves of(More)
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