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Recently, multicarrier transmission schemes have been introduced into code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems to gain advantages for high data rate transmission. One of the methods is to transmit identical narrowband direct-sequence (DS) waveforms in parallel over a number of subchannels using frequency diversity. In this paper, we propose a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mutations in TP53, a tumor suppressor gene, are associated with prognosis of many cancers. However, the prognostic values of TP53 mutation sites are not known for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) because of heterogeneity in their geographic and etiologic backgrounds. METHODS TP53 mutations were investigated in a total of 409(More)
In this paper, we analyze the combined influence of the interchannel and intersymbol interferences, which result from the time variation and delay spread of mobile channels, on the performance of an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system. Both analysis and simulation results are presented for uncoded 16-QAM. We also investigate the(More)
In this paper, we propose a new frequency synchronization algorithm for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems requiring only one training symbol, based on a conventional method which requires two training symbols. While the timing synchronization is obtained by using the conventional method, the carrier frequency offset is efficiently(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and nephronophthisis (NPH) are hereditary autosomal recessive disorders, encoded by two families of diverse genes. BBS and NPH display several overlapping phenotypes including cystic kidney disease, retinitis pigmentosa, liver fibrosis, situs inversus and cerebellar defects. Since most of the BBS and NPH proteins localize to(More)
We consider a two-way relay (TWR) network with multiple relays, where the relays adopt physical layer network coding based on decode-and-forward. A joint relay selection and power allocation (RS-PA) scheme is proposed to improve the symbol error probability (SEP) of the TWR network using BPSK modulation under the total power constraint. For the proposed(More)
The neurotoxicity of dithiocarbamates has been previously reported, however, the detailed mechanism underlying the neurotoxicity is still not fully understood. Among the dithiocarbamates, we investigated thiram and ziram in a neuronal-like pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Thiram and ziram strongly induced cell death in both dose- and time-dependent manners(More)
Effect of angiotensin II (ANG II) on mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation was examined. ANG II increased [(3)H] thymidine incorporation in a time- (>4 h) and dose- (>10(-9) M) dependent manner. The ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation was blocked by inhibition of ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor but not by ANG II type 2 (AT(2))(More)
ABSTRACT: In this paper, by modifying a conventional method which requires two training symbols, we propose a timing and frequency synchronization algorithm for OFDM systems which requires one training symbol. While the frame/symbol timing is obtained by using the conventional method, the carrier frequency offset is efficiently estimated by the proposed(More)
A search algorithm for stopping sets in a Tanner graph is proposed for designing good low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. By applying the belief-propagation algorithm with messages containing the information of originated variable nodes and their connected edges, the stopping sets can be detected. Furthermore, a code design method using the algorithm is(More)