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Effect of angiotensin II (ANG II) on mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation was examined. ANG II increased [(3)H] thymidine incorporation in a time- (>4 h) and dose- (>10(-9) M) dependent manner. The ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation was blocked by inhibition of ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor but not by ANG II type 2 (AT(2))(More)
On the capacity of a cellular CDMA system, " IEEE Trans. Abstract—In this paper, we propose a new frequency synchronization algorithm for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems requiring only one training symbol, based on a conventional method which requires two training symbols. While the timing synchronization is obtained by using the(More)
This paper describes the design and verification of IEEE 802.22 WRAN physical layer. The WRAN physical layer is fundamentally based on the IEEE 802.16e system, but the OFDMA parameters including preamble structure and pilot pattern are newly designed by considering the WRAN channel environments. In this paper, we present the simulation models and results by(More)
The neurotoxicity of dithiocarbamates has been previously reported, however, the detailed mechanism underlying the neurotoxicity is still not fully understood. Among the dithiocarbamates, we investigated thiram and ziram in a neuronal-like pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Thiram and ziram strongly induced cell death in both dose- and time-dependent manners(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mutations in TP53, a tumor suppressor gene, are associated with prognosis of many cancers. However, the prognostic values of TP53 mutation sites are not known for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) because of heterogeneity in their geographic and etiologic backgrounds. METHODS TP53 mutations were investigated in a total of 409(More)
In order to understand the mechanisms underlying plant development, a necessary first step involves the elucidation of the functions of the genes, via the analysis of mutants that exhibit developmental defects. In this study, an activation tagging mutant library harboring 80,650 independent Arabidopsis transformants was generated in order to screen for(More)
This study examined the effects of high glucose on cell proliferation and its related signal pathways using mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Here, we showed that high glucose level significantly increased [3H]thymidine incorporation, BrdU incorporation, the number of cells, [3H]leucine, and [3H]proline incorporation in a time-( >3 hr) and dose-(> 25 mM)(More)
Neuronal precursor cells (NPCs) are temporally regulated and have the ability to proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons, oligodendrocytes, and astrocytes in the presence of growth factors (GFs). In the present study, the role of the Jak pathway in brain development was investigated in NPCs derived from neurosphere cultures using Jak2 and Jak3(More)
— Recently, multicarrier transmission schemes have been introduced into code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems to gain advantages for high data rate transmission. One of the methods is to transmit identical narrowband direct-sequence (DS) waveforms in parallel over a number of subchannels using frequency diversity. In this paper, we propose a(More)
Chondrogenesis involves the recruitment of mesenchymal cells to differentiate into chondroblasts, and also the cells must synthesize a cartilage-specific extracellular matrix. There were two representative culture systems that promoted the chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. These systems were adaptations of the "pellet" culture(More)