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With the use of an intrachromosomal inverted-repeat as a recombination reporter we have previously shown that mitotic recombination is dependent on the RAD52 gene. However, recombination was found to be reduced only 4-fold by mutation of RAD51, which encodes a homolog of bacterial RecA proteins. A rad51, which strain containing the recombination reporter(More)
Activated microglial cells have been implicated in a number of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and HIV dementia. It is well known that inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), cytokines, and chemokines play an important role in microglial cell-associated neuron cell damage. Our previous(More)
MicroRNAs are a new class of non-proteincoding, small RNAs that function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. They participate in diverse biological pathways and function as gene regulators. A G>C polymorphism (rs2910164), which is located in the sequence of miR-146a precursor, results in a change from G:U to C:U in its stem region. However, it remains(More)
Amyloid plaque is the hallmark and primary cause of Alzheimer disease. Mutations of presenilin-1, the gamma-secretase catalytic subunit, can affect amyloid-beta (Abeta) production and Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. However, it is largely unknown whether and how gamma-secretase activity and amyloid plaque formation are regulated by environmental factors(More)
Previous studies on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) indicated that it contains much dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs). DNA hypermethylation in the miRNA 5' regulatory region is a mechanism that can account for the downregulation of miRNA in tumors (Esteller, N Engl J Med 2008;358:1148-59). Among those dysregulated miRNAs, miR-203, miR-34b/c,(More)
HIV replication requires nuclear export of unspliced and singly spliced viral transcripts. Although a unique RNA structure has been proposed for the Rev-response element (RRE) responsible for viral mRNA export, how it recruits multiple HIV Rev proteins to form an export complex has been unclear. We show here that initial binding of Rev to the RRE triggers(More)
Plants have been proposed as an attractive alternative for pharmaceutical protein production to current mammalian or microbial cell-based systems. Eukaryotic protein processing coupled with reduced production costs and low risk for mammalian pathogen contamination and other impurities have led many to predict that agricultural systems may offer the next(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of studies have evaluated the associations between polymorphisms in the promoter regions of Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and cancer metastasis. However, the results remain inconclusive. To better understand the roles of MMP polymorphisms in metastasis, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis. METHODS Electronic databases were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-protein-coding RNAs that function as tumour suppressors or oncogenes. A single nucleotide change in the sequence of pre-miRNA can affect miRNA expression, so single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pre-miRNA may be biomarkers for biomedical applications. In this study, we performed a genetic association study between the(More)
Survivin is undetectable in normal adult tissues, but has been shown to be overexpressed in various cancers and has been regarded as a marker of malignancy. Polymorphisms which increase the expression of survivin are potential risk factors for esophageal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study is to genotype the survivin promoter polymorphisms namely −31G/C,(More)