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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that selectively affects motor neurons in the cortex, brain stem, and spinal cord. The precise pathogenic mechanism remains unknown, and there is currently no effective therapy. We evaluated the therapeutic effects of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) in an animal model of ALS.(More)
Activation of astrocytes has been known to be associated with amyloid-beta (Abeta) deposit and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines that lead to neuronal cell death in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). In the present study, we investigated whether the absence of CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) results in activation of astrocytes,(More)
This experiment was performed to investigate whether methanol extract of Longanae Arillus (MELA) has hypnotic effects and/or enhances pentobarbital-induced sleep behaviors through the GABAergic systems. MELA prolonged sleep time and reduced sleep latency induced by pentobarbital similar to muscimol, a GABAA receptors agonist. MELA also increased sleep rate(More)
Inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS/NOS-2) play pivotal roles as mediators of inflammation involved in early steps of carcinogenesis in certain organs. Therefore, chemoprevention is theoretically possible through inhibition of COX-2 and/or iNOS. In the present study, we examined the chemopreventive effects of(More)
Human neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are caused by a loss of neurons and glia in the brain or spinal cord. Neurons and glial cells have successfully been generated from stem cells such as embryonic stem cells (ESCs), mesenchymal stem(More)
The prophylactic efficacy of a combinational patch system containing physostigmine and procyclidine against soman intoxication was evaluated using dogs. Female beagle dogs (body weights 9-10 kg) were shaved on the abdominal side, attached with a matrix-type patch (7x7 cm) containing 1.5% of physostigmine plus 6% procyclidine for 2 days, and challenged with(More)
The increasing prevalence and severity of atopic dermatitis during recent decades has prompted the development of safe and more highly effective drugs. Although topical corticosteroids have been used for more than 50 years as first line therapy for atopic dermatitis, their potential side effects limits their clinical uses. In light of this, steroid-free(More)
Renal toxicity by melamine in combination with cyanuric acid (1:1) was investigated. Male rats were orally administered melamine plus cyanuric acid (5, 50 or 400 mg/kg each) for 3 days. In contrast to a negligible effect by melamine alone (50 mg/kg, a no-observed-adverse-effect-level: NOAEL), co-administration with cyanuric acid markedly increased the(More)
A human neural stem cell (NSC) line over-expressing human choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) gene was generated and these F3.ChAT NSCs were transplanted into the brain of rat Alzheimer disease (AD) model which was induced by application of ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A) that specifically denatures cholinergic nerves and thereby leads to memory(More)
This study aimed to investigate effects of cyclopeptide alkaloid fraction of ZSS (CAFZ) on pentobarbital-induced sleeping behaviors and to determine whether these effects were mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors Cl(-) channel activation, using a Western blot technique and Cl(-) sensitive fluorescence probe. GABA receptors subunits(More)