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Background: The unique properties of wheat flour primarily depend on gluten, which is the most important source of protein for human being. γ-Gliadins have been considered to be the most ancient of the wheat gluten family. The complex family structure of γ-gliadins complicates the determination of their function. Moreover, γ-gliadins contain several sets of(More)
Structural changes of chromosomes are a primary mechanism of genome rearrangement over the course of evolution and detailed knowledge of such changes in a given species and its close relatives should increase the efficiency and precision of chromosome engineering in crop improvement. We have identified sequences bordering each of the main translocation and(More)
High molecular weight (HMW) glutenin genes Qy and Oy were isolated and characterized. Compared with previously reported HMW genes, they showed modifications in all domains. Qy genes had an extra glutamine and 105 residues in the N terminal, two irregular tandem repeats of P–GQQGQQVYYPTAPQQ in the repetitive domain, and had the same short peptide(More)
The bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotype "Chinese Spring" ("CS") is the reference base in wheat genetics and genomics. Pericentric rearrangements in this genotype were systematically assessed by analyzing homoeoloci for a set of nonredundant genes from Brachypodium distachyon, Triticum urartu, and Aegilops tauschii in the CS chromosome shotgun(More)
Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in many cool and temperate regions of the world. Resistant cultivars are the most effective, economical and environmentally friendly means of controlling the disease. Chinese wheat cultivar Mianmai 37 is resistant at all(More)
BACKGROUND High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GSs) have been considered as most important seed storage proteins for wheat flour quality. 1Ay subunits are of great interest because they are always silent in common wheat. The presence of expressed 1Ay subunits in diploid and tetraploid wheat genotypes makes it possible to investigate molecular(More)
A meta-analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with tolerance to abiotic stresses in barley was carried out using results from 35 different experiments. “MetaQTL” software was used to project QTL positions on a reference map. Three hundred and thirty-seven QTL for traits associated with tolerance to abiotic stresses were included in this(More)
Two types of molecular markers, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR), were assayed to determine the genetic diversity of 46 barley accessions, including 27 landraces of H. vulgare ssp vulgare (HV), 6 accessions of H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum (HS) and 13 accessions of H. vulgare ssp. agriocrithon (HA), from west(More)
High molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GSs), encoded by the genes at Glu-1 loci in wheat and its related species, are significant in the determination of grain processing quality. However, the diversity and variations of HMW-GSs are relatively low in bread wheat. More interests are now focused on wheat wild relatives in Triticeae. The genus Aegilops(More)
Fusarium crown rot (FCR), caused by various Fusarium species, is a destructive disease of cereal crops in semiarid regions worldwide. As part of our contribution to the development of Fusarium resistant cultivars, we identified several novel sources of resistance by systematically assessing barley genotypes representing different geographical origins and(More)