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In this paper, we present a two-phase framework that integrates task assignment, ordering and voltage selection (VS) together to minimize energy consumption of real-time dependent tasks executing on a given number of variable voltage processors. Task assignment and ordering in the first phase strive to maximize the opportunities that can be exploited for(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to both acute injury and long-term neurodegeneration, and is a major risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Beta amyloid (Aβ) peptide deposits in the brain are one of the pathological hallmarks of AD. Aβ levels increase after TBI in animal models and in patients with head trauma, and reducing Aβ levels after(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of minimizing energy consumption of real-time tasks on variable voltage processors whose transition energy overhead is not negligible. Voltage settings with minimum number of transitions are found first and sequences of lower voltage cycles are evaluated to decide voltage for each cycle of every task. Experimental(More)
Peroxynitrite toxicity is a major cause of neuronal injury in stroke and neurodegenerative disorders. The mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity induced by peroxynitrite are still unclear. In this study, we observed that TPEN [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis (2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine], a zinc chelator, protected against neurotoxicity induced by exogenous as well(More)
Zinc translocation from presynaptic nerve terminals to postsynaptic neurons has generally been considered the critical step leading to the accumulation of intracellular free zinc and subsequent neuronal injury. Recent evidence, however, strongly suggests that the liberation of zinc from intracellular stores upon oxidative and nitrative stimulation(More)
With 90% of neuroscience clinical trials failing to see efficacy, there is a clear need for the development of disease biomarkers that can improve the ability to predict human Alzheimer's disease (AD) trial outcomes from animal studies. Several lines of evidence, including genetic susceptibility and disease studies, suggest the utility of fluorodeoxyglucose(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive production of nitric oxide (NO) by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in reactive microglia is a major contributor to initiation/exacerbation of inflammatory and degenerative neurological diseases. Previous studies have indicated that activation of protein kinase C (PKC) can lead to iNOS induction. Because of the existence of(More)
Data referencing during program execution can be a significant source of energy consumption especially for data-intensive programs. In this paper, we propose an approach to minimize such energy consumption by allocating data to proper registers and memory. Through careful analysis of boundary conditions between consecutive blocks, our approach efficiently(More)
The poor aqueous solubility and low bioavailability of curcumin restrict its clinical application for cancer treatment. In this study, a novel tumor-targeting nanofiber carrier was developed to improve the solubility and tumor-targeting ability of curcumin using a self-assembled Nap-GFFYG-RGD peptide. The morphologies of the peptide nanofiber and the(More)