Yumiko Moritani

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YM-254890, which was isolated from the culture broth of Chromobacterium sp., inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation and has antithrombotic and thrombolytic effects. YM-254890 blocks Galpha(q/11)-coupled ADP receptor P2Y1-mediated Ca(2+) mobilization. Here we report that YM-254890 is a selective Galpha(q/11) inhibitor. YM-254890 blocked Ca(2+)(More)
A novel platelet aggregation inhibitor, YM-254890, was isolated from the culture broth of strain QS3666. This strain was isolated from a soil sample collected at Okutama, Tokyo, Japan, and was identified as Chromobacterium sp. by morphological and physiological criteria. YM-254890 was purified from the culture supernatant by solvent extraction, ODS and(More)
Inhibitors of factor Xa (FXa), a crucial serine protease in the coagulation cascade, have attracted a great deal of attention as a target for developing antithrombotic agents. We previously reported findings from our optimization study of a high-throughput screening (HTS) derived lead compound 1a that resulted in the discovery of potent amidine-containing(More)
A series of 1-aryl-2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)naphthalene lignans have been synthesized and evaluated for their ability to selectively inhibit PDE IV isolated from guinea pig. Replacement of the 1-phenyl ring by a pyridone ring led to marked improvement of their selectivity for PDE IV over PDE III. The compounds that were most potent and selective involved those(More)
Darexaban (YM150) is an oral factor Xa inhibitor developed for the prophylaxis of venous and arterial thromboembolic disease. This study was conducted to investigate the biochemical and pharmacological profiles of darexaban and its active metabolite darexaban glucuronide (YM-222714), which predominantly determines the antithrombotic effect after oral(More)
The structure elucidation and biological activity of novel YM-254890 (1) analogues and semi-synthetic derivatives are described. Three natural analogues, YM-254891 (2), YM-254892 (3), and YM-280193 (4), were isolated from the fermentation broth of Chromobacterium sp. QS3666, and two hydrogenated derivatives, YM-385780 (5) and YM-385781 (6), were synthesized(More)
The pharmacological properties of YM-254890, a specific G(alpha)q/11 inhibitor, on acute thrombosis and chronic neointima formation after vascular injury have been investigated. FeCl3 was used to induce vascular injury in the carotid artery of mice. For the thrombosis studies, the test drug was either intravenously or orally administered before vascular(More)
We examined the antithrombotic and thrombolytic effects of the G(q/11) inhibitor YM-254890 in an electrically-induced carotid artery thrombosis model in rats. YM-254890 dose-dependently inhibited ex vivo ADP-induced platelet aggregation after i.v. bolus injection. In the thrombosis study, YM-254890 dosedependently prolonged time to occlusion at doses of 3(More)
The pharmacological properties of YM-57029 [4-[4-(4-carbamimidoylphenyl)-3-oxopiperazin-1-yl]piperidino]acetic acid monohydrochloride trihydrate), a novel glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist were examined in this study. YM-57029 inhibited fibrinogen binding to purified glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, 1000-fold more potently than the tetrapeptide(More)