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A sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) antagonist is expected to be an anti-angiogenic compound; however, there are few reports that demonstrated that a S1P1 inhibitor improved the disease state in an angiogenic animal model. Since we determined that a prototype S1P1 antagonist was an in vivo angiogenesis inhibitor, we developed the derivatives to(More)
We have previously disclosed 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivative 3 as a potent S1P(3)-sparing S1P(1) agonist. Although compound 3 exhibits potent and manageable immunosuppressive efficacy in various in vivo models, recent studies have revealed that its 1,2,4-oxadiazole ring is subjected to enterobacterial decomposition. As provisions for unpredictable issues, a(More)
We report herein the synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of benzyl ether compounds as an S1P₁ receptor modulator. From our SAR studies, the installation of substituents onto the central benzene ring of 2a was revealed to potently influence the S1P₁ and S1P₃ agonistic activities, in particular, an ethyl group on the 2-position(More)
A series of Sodium 4-[(4-butoxyphenyl)thio]-2'-substituted-1,1'-biphenyl-3- sulfonates were identified as functional sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) antagonists with selectivity for the S1P(1) receptor subtype starting from chemical lead 2, which was found while screening our in-house compound library. We performed chemical modifications on each regional(More)
Modulators of sphingosine phosphate receptor-1 (S1P(1)) have recently been focused as a suppressant of autoimmunity. We have discovered a 4-ethylthiophene-based S1P(1) agonist 1-({4-Ethyl-5-[5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl]-2-thienyl}methyl)azetidine-3-carboxylic acid (CS-2100, 8) showing potent S1P(1) agonist activity against S1P(3) and an(More)
S1P(3)-sparing S1P(1) agonists have attracted attention as a suppressant of autoimmunity with reduced side effects. Our synthetic efforts and extensive SAR studies led to the discovery of 10b named CS-2100 with the EC(50) value of 4.0 nM for human S1P(1) and over 5000-fold selectivity against S1P(3). The in vivo immunosuppressive efficacy was evaluated in(More)
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