Yumiko Kojima

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Lipid droplets (LDs) are ubiquitous organelles storing neutral lipids, including triacylglycerol (TAG) and cholesterol ester. The properties of LDs vary greatly among tissues, and LD-binding proteins, the perilipin family in particular, play critical roles in determining such diversity. Overaccumulation of TAG in LDs of non-adipose tissues may cause(More)
We examined the expression of the major H(2)S-producing enzymes, cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE). CBS was ubiquitously distributed in the mouse pancreas, but CSE was found only in the exocrine. Freshly isolated islets expressed CBS, while CSE was faint. However, high glucose increased the CSE expression in the(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) slows the aging process and extends longevity, but the exact underlying mechanisms remain debatable. It has recently been suggested that the beneficial action of CR may be mediated in part by adipose tissue remodeling. Mammals have two types of adipose tissue: white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). In this study,(More)
Replacement of destroyed B-cells with new "healthy" ones appears to be the most physiological approach to treatment of insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetes. This could be achieved either by transplantation of isolated islets or pancreatic segments or by stimulation of the replicatory activity in the islet cells surviving the acute toxic or infectious insult.(More)
In most previous studies of cryopreserved isolated pancreatic islets, a slow cooling rate has been employed. We recently observed that faster cooling (5 degrees C/min) resulted in better functional islet preservation than cooling at 0.5 degrees C/min. We found that a culture period after the collagenase isolation of the islets, but prior to freezing, is(More)
In order to assess the functional role of the polyamines spermidine and spermine in pancreatic beta-cells, we examined the effect of spermidine and spermine synthase inhibitors, trans-4-methylcyclohexylamine (MCHA) and N-(3-aminopropyl)cyclohexylamine (APCHA), on cellular polyamine and insulin contents, insulin secretion, and cytoplasmic Ca(2+)(More)
A series of experiments was conducted to study the relationship between methanogenesis and sulphate reduction in ovine rumen and porcine caecum. Effect of 2-bromoethane sulphonate on hydrogen production by digesta suggested that the most important H2-disposal system in the rumen is methanogenesis and that methanogenesis is not predominant H2-disposal system(More)
The effects of green tea catechins on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) were investigated in the β-cell line INS-1D. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) at 10 µM or gallocatechin gallate (GCG) at 30 µM caused significant inhibitory effects on GSIS, and each of these at 100 µM almost abolished it. In contrast, epicatechin (EC) or catechin (CA) had no(More)
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