Yumiko Kirihara

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UNLABELLED There is a considerable difference in the number of reports of neurologic injury in the literature between lidocaine and other local anesthetics. Few in vivo animal studies have produced convincing results showing a difference in neurotoxicity among anesthetics. We investigated whether lidocaine and bupivacaine differ with respect to sensory(More)
The combination of ketamine and xylazine is a widely used anesthetic for laboratory animals. However, due to an abuse problem in Japan, ketamine has been specified as a narcotic since 2007. Instead of using ketamine, Kawai et al. reported an injectable formula with an equivalent effect to the mixture of ketamine and xylazine [11]. The mixture of 0.3 mg/kg(More)
UNLABELLED Previous reports indicate that there may be an interaction between gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors and opioid receptors systems within the spinal cord, the antinociceptive effects of which have not been elucidated. We examined the effects of intrathecally coadministered morphine and muscimol or baclofen on somatic and visceral antinociception(More)
The anesthetic mixture of medetomidine (MED), midazolam (MID) and butorphanol (BUT) produced anesthetic duration of around 40 minutes (min) in ICR mice. We reported that this anesthetic mixture produced almost the same anesthetic effects in both male and female BALB/c and C57BL/6J strains. Intraperitoneal (IP) administration of drugs has been widely used in(More)
An anesthetic mixture of medetomidine (MED), midazolam (MID), and butorphanol (BUT) has been used in laboratory animals. We previously reported that this anesthetic mixture produced closely similar anesthetic effects in BALB/c and C57BL/6J strains. We also demonstrated the efficacy of atipamezole (ATI), an antagonist of MED that produced quick recovery from(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically, epidural coadministration of opioids and local anesthetics has provided excellent analgesia for various types of pain. However, information about the interaction of these drugs when administered epidurally is limited. Therefore, we evaluated the antinociceptive interaction between morphine and lidocaine on both somatic and visceral(More)
BACKGROUND Morphine can desensitize mu-opioid receptor (MOR), but it does not cause internalization of the receptor after binding. Acute desensitization of MOR impairs the efficiency of signaling, whereas the receptor internalization restores the cell responsiveness to the agonists. Thereby, the property of morphine may limit the analgesic effects of this(More)
The existence of prostaglandin (PG) receptors in the spinal cord has been demonstrated, but their role in sensory processing is not yet well defined. PGE1 is widely used clinically as a vasodilator. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of intrathecally administered PGE1 on the transmission of different types to sensory information,(More)
UNLABELLED To examine whether the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonists and L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel blockers potentiate each other on the visceral antinociceptive effects at the spinal cord, we assessed visceral nociception with colorectal distension (CD) test in rats with an intrathecal catheter. The measurements were performed(More)
In order to study the safety of 1,3,3,5,5-pentaziridino-1-thia-2,4,6-triaza-3,5-diphospho rine-1-oxide (SOAz), a new antitumor agent, acute toxicity studies by intravenous administration were performed in ddY mice, Wistar rats and beagle dogs. The LD50 values in rodents were 325 mg kg-1 for male mice, 450 mg kg-1 for female mice, 100 mg kg-1 for male rats(More)