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1. Employing an optical method for multiple-site simultaneous recording of electrical activity, we have determined the conduction velocity in cervical vagus nerve bundles isolated from 5- to 21-day-old chick embryos, and investigated its developmental changes. 2. The preparations were stained with a voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dye (NK2761), and(More)
To analyze the role of heat shock response in the cochleae, we induced major heat shock proteins, Hsp70, Hsp90, and Hsp27 by perfusion of hot saline into the middle ear cavity (called 'local heat shock') in guinea pigs. Hsps were induced in almost all of the cochlear cells including the sensory hair cells in the organ of Corti. We showed that loss of both(More)
1. Electrical activity in the embryonic chick brain stem has been monitored optically. The vagus-brain stem preparations isolated from 7-day-old chick embryos were stained with voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dyes. 2. Voltage-related optical absorption signals evoked by vagus nerve stimulation with depolarizing and hyperpolarizing pulses using a(More)
We previously reported that cells other than mast cells or neurons could synthesize histamine in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or interleukin 1beta in the rat brain. To identify the responsible cells, we examined histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activity and the expression of HDC mRNA in GMI 6-3 mouse microglial cells. Both the activity and mRNA for HDC(More)
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