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Prostanoids are the cyclooxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid and include prostaglandin (PG) D(2), PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), PGI(2), and thromboxne A(2). They are synthesized and released upon cell stimulation and act on cells in the vicinity of their synthesis to exert their actions. Receptors mediating the actions of prostanoids were recently identified(More)
To clarify the extensibility of thin actin and thick myosin filaments in muscle, we examined the spacings of actin and myosin filament-based reflections in x-ray diffraction patterns at high resolution during isometric contraction of frog skeletal muscles and steady lengthening of the active muscles using synchrotron radiation as an intense x-ray source and(More)
Fever, a hallmark of disease, is elicited by exogenous pyrogens, that is, cellular components, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), of infectious organisms, as well as by non-infectious inflammatory insults. Both stimulate the production of cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1beta, that act on the brain as endogenous pyrogens. Fever can be suppressed by(More)
A 1.8 kb cDNA clone, Krev-1, with revertant-inducing activity on Kirsten sarcoma virus-transformed NIH/3T3 cells, has been isolated from a human fibroblast cDNA expression library. In Krev-1 transfectants, there is a correlation between the levels of specific mRNA and the degrees of suppression of the transformed phenotype. The cDNA encodes a protein of(More)
1. Eight types and subtypes of the mouse prostanoid receptor, the prostaglandin D (DP) receptor, the prostaglandin F (FP) receptor, the prostaglandin I (IP) receptor, the thromboxane A (TP) receptor and the EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4 subtypes of the prostaglandin E receptor, were stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Their ligand binding(More)
cDNA clones encoding a glutamic acid-rich protein were isolated from a bovine retina cDNA expression library. The cDNA sequence contained an open reading frame of 1770 base pairs encoding a protein of 590 amino acids (64,509 Da) and untranslated regions of 60 and 490 base pairs at the 5' and 3' ends, respectively. The cDNA hybridized to a 2.4-kilobase(More)
We have established cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin) resistant human small cell lung cancer cell lines, H69/CDDP0.2 and H69/CDDP, to investigate the mechanism of acquired resistance to cisplatin. H69/CDDP0.2 and H69/CDDP were 6- and 11-fold resistant to cisplatin compared with the H69 parental cell line. H69/CDDP was also resistant to cadmium(More)
Trypanosomosis, or sleeping sickness, is a major disease constraint on livestock productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling resistance to trypanosomosis in cattle, an experimental cross was made between trypanotolerant African N'Dama (Bos taurus) and trypanosusceptible improved Kenya Boran (Bos indicus) cattle.(More)
The physiological role of the prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtype was investigated by generation of EP4-deficient-mice by gene targeting. Loss of the EP4 receptor was not lethal in utero, but most EP4 (-/-) neonates became pale and lethargic approximately 24 h after birth and died within 72 h. Less than 5% of the EP4 (-/-) mice survived and grew normally(More)