Yumi Kawashima

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BACKGROUND Locally advanced gastric cancer with extensive lymph node metastasis is usually considered unresectable and so treated by chemotherapy. This trial explored the safety and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy followed by extended surgery in the management of locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS Patients with gastric cancer with(More)
A series of 141 patients with thymoma was studied with regard to the way in which complete resection followed by postoperative radiation therapy influenced prognosis according to the stage and histologic type of thymoma. Postoperative radiation therapy (30 Gy in 3 weeks to 50 Gy in 6 weeks) was performed in 73.1% of the patients. Thirty-five of 48 patients(More)
To establish guidelines for the surgical treatment of patients with infective endocarditis who have cerebrovascular complications, we conducted a detailed retrospective study of 181 of 244 patients with cerebral complications among 2523 surgical cases of infective endocarditis of the Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery. The results showed that 9.7% of(More)
The use of nanoparticles for targeted oral drug delivery to the inflamed gut tissue in inflammatory bowel disease was examined. Such a strategy of local drug delivery would be a distinct improvement compared with existing colon delivery devices for this disease. An experimental colitis was induced by trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid to male Wistar rats.(More)
The binding profiles of SA4503 (1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride), a novel sigma receptor ligand, to sigma 1 and sigma 2 receptor subtypes in guinea pig and rat brain membranes were evaluated. SA4503 showed a high affinity for the sigma 1 receptor subtype labeled by (+)-[3H]pentazocine (IC50 = 17.4 +/- 1.9 nM), while(More)
PURPOSE Monoclonal antibody (moAB) TKH-2 directed to the tumor-associated O-linked sialyl 2-6-alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyl (sialyl Tn; STN) epitope was generated by immunization with ovine submaxillary mucin (Kjeldsen et al, Cancer Res 48:2214-2220, 1988). We investigated whether circulating serum levels of STN antigen might influence the prognosis of(More)
The potency of the induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation was compared between perfluorinated fatty acids (PFCAs) with different carbon chain lengths in the liver of male and female rats. In male rats, perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHA) has little effect, although perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA)(More)
Factors influencing the recurrence or persistence of thymoma after therapy were investigated in 127 patients with thymoma, including 75 with thymoma and myasthenia gravis. The rate of recurrence or persistence was 19% (24 of 127 patients) overall, 11% (8 of 75 patients) in myasthenic thymoma, and 31% (16 of 52 patients) in nonmyasthenic thymoma. The more(More)
Four patients with presently uncorrectable cyanotic cardiac anomalies underwent a new operation, "total cavopulmonary shunt operation" or "total right heart bypass operation." These anomalies included single ventricle, single atrium, common atrioventricular valve with or without regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis, and most important, absent inferior vena(More)
The purpose of this work was to develop a novel mucoadhesive DL-lactide/glycolide copolymer (PLGA) nanosphere system to improve peptide absorption and prolong the physiological activity following oral administration. The desired PLGA nanospheres with elcatonin were prepared by the emulsion solvent diffusion method to coat the surface of the resultant(More)