Yumi Hoshioka

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Sex estimation of decomposed or skeletal remains is clearly important in forensic contexts. Recently, contemporary population-specific data has been obtained using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scanning. The main purpose of this study was to investigate skeletal pelvic dimorphism in a contemporary Japanese forensic sample and to quantify the(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess correlations between measurements of the second cervical vertebra (C2) and stature using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images, and to develop regression equations for estimating stature in a Japanese population. Measurements were performed on 216 Japanese subjects (116 males and 100 females) who underwent(More)
This study assessed the correlation between stature and scapular measurements in a Japanese population, using three-dimensional (3D) computed tomographic (CT) images, and derived regression equations for predicting stature. A total of 194 cadavers (100 males 94 females) underwent postmortem CT (PMCT) and subsequent forensic autopsy in our department between(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between stature and cranial measurements in a contemporary Japanese population, using three-dimensional (3D) computed tomographic (CT) images. A total of 228 cadavers (123 males, 105 females) underwent postmortem CT scanning and subsequent forensic autopsy between May 2011 and April 2015. Five cranial(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of three-rooted mandibular first molars in a contemporary Japanese population using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and examine whether this characteristic root form may be useful for identification purposes. METHODS Prior to their forensic autopsies, we obtained MDCT scans of 365(More)
Accurate sex estimation is important in forensic investigation to determine the identity of unknown individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of sex assessment based on measurements of the second cervical vertebra (C2) using computed tomographic (CT) images in a Japanese population and to develop discriminant function formulae. The(More)
The crush syndrome, in which rhabdomyolysis and trauma occur as a result of heat stroke and drug intoxication, can lead to myoglobinemia. This condition can be diagnosed by measuring myoglobin (Mb) levels in blood and urine. However, postmortem Mb levels are unreliable indicators, since blood Mb concentration drastically increases within a very short time(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the mechanical properties and thickness of adult frontal and parietal bones. The heads of 114 Japanese cadavers (78 male cadavers and 36 female cadavers) of known age and sex were used. A total of 912 cranial samples, 8 from each skull, were collected. Samples were imaged using multidetector computed tomography to measure(More)
Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is mostly caused by head trauma, but intrinsic causes also exist such as aneurysm rupture. We describe here a case involving a man in his 70s who was found lying on the bedroom floor by his family. CT performed at the hospital showed ASDH and a forensic autopsy was requested. Postmortem cerebral angiography showed dilatation(More)