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During mitosis, a ras-related GTPase (Tem1) binds GTP and activates a signal transduction pathway to allow mitotic exit. During most of the cell cycle, Tem1 function is antagonized by a GTPase-activating protein complex, Bfa1/Bub2. How the Bfa1/Bub2 complex is regulated is not well understood. We find that Polo/Cdc5 kinase acts upstream of Bfa1/Bub2 in the(More)
A role for the mitotic spindle in the maturation of the kinetochore has not been defined previously. Here we describe the isolation of a novel and conserved essential gene, ASK1, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae involved in this process. ask1 mutants display either G(2)/M arrest or segregation of DNA masses without the separation of sister chromatids,(More)
RNA-seq was used to generate an extensive map of the Drosophila melanogaster transcriptome by broad sampling of 10 developmental stages. In total, 142.2 million uniquely mapped 64-100-bp paired-end reads were generated on the Illumina GA II yielding 356× sequencing coverage. More than 95% of FlyBase genes and 90% of splicing junctions were observed.(More)
The origin of millet from Neolithic China has generally been accepted, but it remains unknown whether common millet (Panicum miliaceum) or foxtail millet (Setaria italica) was the first species domesticated. Nor do we know the timing of their domestication and their routes of dispersal. Here, we report the discovery of husk phytoliths and biomolecular(More)
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and juvenile retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are the most common hereditary causes of visual impairment in infants and children. Using homozygosity mapping, we narrowed down the critical region of the LCA3 locus to 3.8 Mb between markers D14S1022 and D14S1005. By direct Sanger sequencing of all genes within this region, we found a(More)
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a blinding retinal disease that presents within the first year after birth. Using exome sequencing, we identified mutations in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) synthase gene NMNAT1 encoding nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1 in eight families with LCA, including the family in which LCA was(More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a highly heterogeneous genetic disease; therefore, an accurate molecular diagnosis is essential for appropriate disease treatment and family planning. The prevalence of RP in China had been reported at 1 in 3800, resulting in an estimated total of 340,000 Chinese RP patients. However, genetic studies of Chinese RP(More)
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Although genome-wide hypomethylation is a hallmark of many cancers, roles for active DNA demethylation during tumorigenesis are unknown. Here, loss of the APC tumor suppressor gene causes upregulation of a DNA demethylase system and the concomitant hypomethylation of key intestinal cell fating genes. Notably, this hypomethylation maintained zebrafish(More)
The proper timing and fidelity of cell cycle transitions is critical for the survival of organisms. Cyclin-dependent kinases orchestrate many cell cycle transitions in eukaryotes including S phase entry and mitosis. Accurate chromosome segregation during mitosis is one of the key events regulated by the cell cycle and many proteins function together to(More)