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Two atrial natriuretic peptides, containing 25 amino acid residues, ANF IV, and 21 amino acid residues, ANF V, were synthesized by a solid phase method and oxidized with K3Fe(CN)6 to form a disulfide bridge. Synthetic ANF IV exhibited a natriuretic activity with an ED50 70 times higher than that of synthetic ANF V, whereas the longer peptide was only 2.5(More)
Unesterified long-chain fatty acids strongly inhibited thyroid hormone (T3) binding to nuclear receptors extracted from rat liver, kidney, spleen, brain, testis and heart. Oleic acid was the most potent inhibitor, attaining 50% inhibition at 2.8 microM. Oleic acid similarly inhibited the partially purified receptor and enhanced dissociation of the preformed(More)
Quantitative electron microscopic studies on the mouse pineal gland were done to elucidate the mechanism of the response of the granulated vesicles in pinealocytes to acute cold exposure. An increase in the number of the granulated vesicles in the mouse pinealocytes occurs following administration of isoproterenol and this increase is prevented by(More)
An orally active renin inhibitor, ES 6864 (N-[(2R)-3-morpholinocarbonyl-2-(1-naphthylmethyl)propionyl]-(4- thiazolyl)-L-alanyl-cyclostatine-(2-morpholinoethyl)amide), was synthesized. ES 6864 was found to be a highly potent inhibitor of human renin with a Ki value of 7.3 x 10(-9) M. The compound competitively inhibited human renin. The inhibitor was also(More)
Circadian morphological variations of pinealocytes in the superficial pineal of the Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) were studied using quantitative electron-microscopic techniques. The volume of the nucleus and cytoplasm of pinealocytes exhibited similar circadian variations, with the maximum around the middle of the light period and the minimum during(More)
Sulfate-reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio vulgaris, strain Miyazaki, were grown on either sulfate, sulfite, or thiosulfate as the terminal electron acceptor. Better growth was observed on sulfite and less growth on thiosulfate than on sulfate. Enzyme levels of adenylylsulfate (APS) reductase [EC 1.8.99.2], reductant-activated inorganic pyrophosphatase [EC(More)
Dipeptide and tripeptide derivatives containing a statine residue were synthesized as inhibitors of human renin. ES-305, bis[(1-naphthyl)methyl]acetyl(BNMA)-histidyl-statine 2(S)-methylbutylamide was found to be a highly potent inhibitor of human renin with a Ki value of 1.7 X 10(-9) M. Dipeptide derivatives with the BNMA group at the N-terminal(More)
Dipeptide and tripeptide derivatives containing a statine residue were synthesized as human renin inhibitors. ES-305, bis[(1-naphthyl)methyl]acetyl-histidyl-statine-2(S)-methylbutylami de, was found to be a highly potent human renin inhibitor that is species-specific and enzyme-specific. The replacement of the methylbutylamide of ES-305 with the(More)
The effects of an ornithine-containing lipid [alpha-N-(3-acyloxyacyl)-ornithine (Orn-L)] or a serine-containing lipid [alpha-N-(3-acyloxyacyl)-serine (Ser-L)] from Flavobacterium meningosepticum on lethal endotoxemia in mice were examined. When 500 micrograms of Orn-L was intravenously administered 1 h before intravenous administration of a lethal dose of(More)