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BACKGROUND We hypothesized that combination of dendritic cell (DC) with autologous cytokine-induced killer (CIK) immunotherapy in setting of high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) would be effective for selected metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Our previous work showed thiotepa could eradicate breast cancer stem cells. From 2004 to(More)
Stem cell therapy is a promising approach for treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD); however, its application is hindered by poor cell engraftment. There have been no reports to date describing the efficient generation of myogenic progenitors from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) that can contribute to muscle regeneration. In this study, we examined(More)
Based on the response surface methodology, an effective microbial system for diosgenin production from enzymatic pretreated Dioscorea zingiberensis tubers with Trichoderma reesei was studied. The fermentation medium was optimized with central composite design (3(5)) depended on Plackett-Burmann design which identified significant impacts of peptone,(More)
COD/sulfate ratio and hydraulic residence time (HRT), both of which influence sulfate loadings jointly, are recognized as the most two important affecting factors for sulfate removal and bioelectricity generation in the novel up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor-microbial fuel cell (UASB-MFC) integrated system. The response surface methodology (RSM) was(More)
A commercial cellulase was first assessed to be effective in hydrolyzing glycosyl at the C-3 and C-26 positions in steroidal saponins from yellow ginger (Dioscorea zingiberensis C. H. Wright) to diosgenin, a very important chemical in the pharmaceutical industry. The effect of different parameters on enzyme hydrolysis was further investigated by(More)
Plantations play an important role in carbon sequestration and the global carbon cycle. However, there is a dilemma in that most plantations are managed on short rotations, and the carbon sequestration capacities of these short-rotation plantations remain understudied. Eucalyptus has been widely planted in the tropics and subtropics due to its rapid growth,(More)
BACKGROUND To improve assessment of dystrophinopathy, the aim of this study was to identify whether serum creatinine (Crn) level reflects disease severity. METHODS Biochemical, Vignos score, and genetic data were collected on 212 boys with dystrophinopathy. RESULTS Serum Crn level had a strong inverse correlation with Vignos score by simple correlation(More)
In order to improve the efficiency of biotransformation of saponins in Dioscorea zingiberensis to diosgenin, a new enzymatic model was developed to investigate the mechanism of the metabolic systems. Four main saponin hydrolases (E1, E2, E3 and E4) were purified from Trichoderma reesei. Using progracillin as substrate, the enzymatic hydrolysis experiments(More)
Logistic planning and programming of construction machinery involves complex sets of objectives and constraints; therefore traditional approaches typically result in a large monolithic model that is difficult to solve, understand, and maintain. In order to tackle large, particularly combinatorial, problems in logistic support for construction machinery, we(More)
A single "click" strategy is proposed for the preparation of a reversed-phase/weak cation-exchange mixed-mode silica-based sorbent (silica-WCX). Upon this strategy, both 1-dodecyne and 5-hexynoic acid were simultaneously immobilized onto azide-silica in varied ratio via Cu (I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition click reaction. The chemical compositions of(More)