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There are three metabolic fates of nicotinic acid in plants: (1) nicotinic acid mononucleotide formation for NAD synthesis by the so-called salvage pathway of pyridine nucleotide biosynthesis; (2) nicotinic acid N-glucoside formation; and (3) trigonelline (N-methylnicotinic acid) formation. In the present study, the metabolism of(More)
Metabolism of [carbonyl-14C]nicotinamide was surveyed in various plant materials including the model plants, Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa and Lotus japonicus. In all plants studied, nicotinamide was used for the pyridine (nicotinamide adenine) nucleotide synthesis, probably after conversion to nicotinic acid. Radioactivity from(More)
The effect of phosphate (Pi) starvation on anthocyanin biosynthesis was examined in suspension-cultured grape cells derived from Bailey Alicante A grapes. Cyanindin-3-O-glucoside, peonidin-3-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-O-(6-O״-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside and peonidin-3-O-(6-O״-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside were detected in cells in both the complete (+Pi)- and Pi-deficient(More)
The metabolic fate of [carbonyl-(14)C]nicotinamide was investigated in 9 fern species, Psilotum nudum, Angiopteris evecta, Lygodium japonicum, Acrostichum aureum, Asplenium antiquum, Diplazium subsinuatum, Thelypteris acuminate, Blechnum orientale and Crytomium fortune. All fern species produce a large quantity of nicotinic acid glucoside from(More)
The metabolic fate of [carbonyl-14C]nicotinamide was surveyed in leaf disks of seven mangrove species, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Rhizophora stylosa, Kandeliaobovata, Sonneratia alba, Pemphis acidula, Lumnitzera racemosa and Avicennia marina, with and without 250 mM NaCl. Uptake of [14C]nicotinamide by leaf disks was stimulated by 250 mM NaCl in K. candel, R.(More)
The aim of this study was to reveal the pyridine metabolism in leaves of two mangrove legumes, Derris indica (= Millettia pinnata or Pongamia pinnata) and Caesalpinia crista. Radioactivity from [carbonyl-14C]nicotinamide supplied exogenously to young leaf disks was recovered in nicotinic acid, nicotinic acid mononucleotide, NAD, NADP, nicotinamide(More)
We studied the metabolic fate of [carbonyl-14C]nicotinamide and [8-(14)C]adenine in segments taken from young and developing leaves, stem, hypocotyls, and roots of a shoot-root type emerging propagule of the mangrove plant Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Thin-layer chromatography was used together with a bioimaging analyser system. During 4 h of incubation,(More)
The activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH, EC 1.1.1.49) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH, EC 1.1.1.44) were found to increase in suspension-cultured Arabidopsis thaliana cells after 10-day-old stationary phase cells were transferred to fresh Murashige-Skoog medium. The activities of these enzymes peaked early in the exponential(More)
Changes in the profile of pyridine metabolism during growth of cells were investigated using trigonelline-forming suspension-cultured cells of Lotus japonicus. Activity of the de novo and salvage pathways of NAD biosynthesis was estimated from the in situ metabolism of [(3)H] quinolinic acid and [(14)C] nicotinamide. Maximum activity of the de novo pathway(More)
Accumulation and metabolism of purine alkaloids in leaves of maté (Ilex paraguariensis) were investigated. In winter, leaves accumulated caffeine but not theobromine, indicating that caffeine is the end product of purine alkaloid synthesis in maté. To elucidate the purine alkaloid metabolism in maté leaves, the metabolic fate of [8-(14)C]theobromine,(More)