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The transcription factor NF-kappaB modulates apoptotic responses induced by genotoxic stress. We show that NF-kappaB essential modulator (NEMO), the regulatory subunit of IkappaB kinase (IKK) (which phosphorylates the NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaB), associates with activated ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) after the induction of DNA double-strand breaks.(More)
The structurally related ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated) and ATR (ATM-Rad3-related) protein kinases fulfill overlapping yet non-redundant functions as key regulators of cellular DNA damage responses. We recently showed that ATM phosphorylates the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein, CREB, following exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) and other(More)
Activation of the transcription factor NF-κB by multiple genotoxic stimuli modulates cancer cell survival. This response is mediated by a conserved pathway involving the nuclear ATM kinase and cytoplasmic IκB kinase (IKK); however, the molecular link between them remains incompletely understood. Here we show that ATM activates the IKK kinase TAK1 in a(More)
TDP-43 (43-kDa TAR DNA-binding domain protein) is a major constituent of ubiquitin-positive cytoplasmic aggregates present in neurons of patients with fronto-temporal lobular dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The pathologic significance of TDP-43 aggregation is not known; however, dominant mutations in TDP-43 cause a subset of ALS cases,(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a syndrome of cancer susceptibility, immune dysfunction, and neurodegeneration that is caused by mutations in the A-T-mutated (ATM) gene. ATM has been implicated as a critical regulator of cellular responses to DNA damage, including the activation of cell cycle checkpoints and induction of apoptosis. Although defective cell(More)
The transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) regulates various cellular processes such as inflammation and apoptosis. The NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO/IKKγ) is indispensable for NF-κB activation by diverse stimuli including genotoxic stress. Here, we show that NEMO linear ubiquitination on K285/309 is critical for genotoxic NF-κB activation. The E3(More)
NF-κB activation induced by genotoxic treatment in cancer cells has been associated with therapeutic resistance in multiple human malignancies. Therapeutic resistance also correlates with high metastatic potential in human cancers, including breast cancer. Whether genotoxic treatment-activated NF-κB also contributes to cancer metastasis following radiation(More)
UV-induced stress response involves expression change of a myriad of genes, which play critical roles in modulating cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, and cell survival. Alteration of microRNAs has been found in cells exposed to UV, yet their function in UV stress response remains elusive. Here, we show that UV radiation induces up-regulation of miR-125b, which(More)
A novel coronavirus, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (SARS-CoV), was identified as the causative agent of SARS. The profile of specific antibodies to individual proteins of the virus is critical to the development of vaccine and diagnostic tools. In this study, 13 recombinant proteins associated with four structural proteins (S, E,(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish an experimental culture system of herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-2) latent infection and reactivation in SH-SY5Y cells. METHODS Changes of biological character were observed after 20, 40, 60, 80,100, 120 and 140 micromoL/L ACV were added into cell cultures, and also the morphological observation was detected with phase-contrast(More)