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The mu opioid receptor (MOR) in the rat and mouse caudate putamen (CPu) and thalamus was demonstrated as diffuse and broad bands by Western blot with a polyclonal antibody against a C-terminal peptide of MOR, which were absent in the cerebellum and brains of MOR-knockout mice. The electrophoretic mobility of MOR differed in the two brain regions with median(More)
We investigated whether acute treatment with agonists affected the subcellular distribution of kappa opioid receptor (KOPR) in the dorsal horn of the rat lumbar spinal cord by using immunoelectron microscopy. Rats were injected intrathecally (i.t.) with U50,488H (100 nmole), dynorphin A(1-17) (15 nmole), or vehicle. The doses chosen have been shown to(More)
Functional magnetic imaging (fMRI) studies showed that resting state activity in the healthy brain is organized into multiple large-scale networks encompassing distant regions. A key finding of resting state fMRI studies is the anti-correlation typically observed between the dorsal attention network (DAN) and the default mode network (DMN), which - during(More)
Insulin-like peptide 5 (INSL5) mRNA was detected in the mouse hypothalamus by RT-PCR. Immunohistochemical studies using an antiserum against the mouse INSL5 peptide revealed INSL5-immunoreactive (irINSL5) neurons in the paraventricular, supraoptic, accessory secretory, and supraoptic retrochiasmatic nuclei and immunoreactive cell processes in the internal(More)
A set of robust MPEG-2 video watermarking techniques is proposed, focusing on commonly used typical geometric processing for bit-rate reduction, cropping, removal of any rows, arbitrary-ratio downscaling, and frame dropping. Both the embedding and the extraction of watermarks are done in the compressed domain, so the computational cost is low. Moreover, the(More)
Sleep deprivation has a variable impact on extrinsic activities during multiple cognitive tasks, especially on mood and emotion processing. There is also a trait-like individual vulnerability or compensatory effect in cognition. Previous studies have elucidated the altered functional connectivity after sleep deprivation. However, it remains unclear whether(More)
The present work explored the anti-neuroinflammation effects of Ginseng Rb1 in a rat model of Alzheimer disease produced by ventricle injection of Aβ1-42. Aβ1-42 injection induces loss of learning and memory behavior of rats in Morris water maze, which could be reversed with Rb1 treatment. Further, Rb1 reversed the changes in several direct or indirect(More)