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In this paper, a new method based on Relative Difference space (RDS) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) is proposed for multi-class recognition. First the RDS transformation converts the multi-class problem to a binary-class problem, and then SVM is used for the binary classification directly. Compared with the traditional method of Difference Space (DS), RDS(More)
This paper introduces a novel algorithm based on global comprehensive similarity with three steps. To describe the Euclidean space-based relative features among minutiae, we first build a minutia-simplex that contains a pair of minutiae as well as their associated textures, with its transformation-variant and invariant relative features employed for the(More)
This paper introduces a robust fingerprint matching scheme based on the comprehensive minutia and the binary relation between minutiae. In the method, a fingerprint is represented as a graph, of which the comprehensive minutiae act as the vertex set and the local binary minutia relations provide the edge set. Then, the transformation-invariant and(More)
This paper introduces a probabilistic formulation in terms of Maximum likelihood estimation to calculate the optimal deformation parameters, such as scale, rotation and translation, between a pair of fingerprints acquired by different image capturers from the same finger. This uncertainty estimation technique allows parameter selection to be performed by(More)
In an automatic fingerprint identification system (AFIS), the fingerprint enhancement algorithm is mainly used to improve the visual quality of the input fingerprint image. The factors affecting the quality of an input fingerprint image may be the presence of scars, cuts, pressure variation between the finger and sensor, worn artifacts, and humidity during(More)
This paper introduces a fingerprint identification algorithm by clustering similarity with the view to overcome the dilemmas encountered in fingerprint identification. To decrease multi-spectrum noises in a fingerprint, we first use a dyadic scale space (DSS) method for image enhancement. The second step describes the relative features among minutiae by(More)