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BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (HF) remains a leading cause of cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity worldwide. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the pattern of angiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is diagnosed biochemically by the presence of normal serum free thyroxine concentration, in conjunction with an elevated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone(More)
BACKGROUND The decreased number and impaired functions of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may associate with cardiovascular disease (CV) including atherosclerosis. However, the role of vistafin(More)
INTRODUCTION Serum uric acid (SUA) is considered a marker for natural progression of chronic heart failure (CHF) mediated cardiovascular remodelling. CHF associates with declining of circulating(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as cluster of multiple metabolic and cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities included abdominal obesity, high-normal blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, and impaired fasting(More)
Background: The causality role of different immune phenotype in IR developing among Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) subjects has not determined obviously. The aim of the study was to assess relationship(More)