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Lesions of ERBB2, PTEN, and PIK3CA activate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway during cancer development by increasing levels of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP(3)). 3-Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) is the first node of the PI3K signal output and is required for activation of AKT. PIP(3) recruits PDK1 and AKT to the(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been reported that adult smokers (AS) may be considering smokeless tobacco products as an alternative to smoking. The objective of this study was to evaluate the change in exposure in AS using Marlboro snus (MSNUS) (a tobacco pouch product in test market in June 2007). METHODS AS were randomized into the following groups--CS: subjects(More)
BACKGROUND In plants, 14-3-3 proteins are encoded by a large multigene family and are involved in signaling pathways to regulate plant development and protection from stress. Although twelve Populus 14-3-3s were identified based on the Populus trichocarpa genome V1.1 in a previous study, no systematic analysis including genome organization, gene structure,(More)
We report here a class of thiazolidine-2,4-diones and 2-thioxothiazolidin-4-ones as potent inhibitors of the lymphoid specific tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp) identified from high throughput screens. Chemical modification by incorporating the known phosphotyrosine (pTyr) mimics led to the discovery of a salicylate-based inhibitor with submicromolar potency.
The interaction of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) and Abeta-binding alcohol dehydrogenase (ABAD) was recently implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Using an ELISA-based screening assay, we identified frentizole, an FDA-approved immunosuppressive drug, as a novel inhibitor of the Abeta-ABAD interaction. Analysis of the frentizole(More)
The lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp, PTPN22) is a critical negative regulator of T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ptpn22 gene correlates with the incidence of various autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Since the disease-associated(More)
Cabozantinib capsules (COMETRIQ) are approved for the treatment of patients with progressive metastatic medullary thyroid cancer. Cabozantinib tablets are investigational drug products considered to be potentially preferred pharmaceutical dosing forms. Two phase I open-label single-dose studies in healthy individuals were carried out to characterize the(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a novel target for the treatment of hypertension and vascular inflammation. A new class of potent non-urea sEH inhibitors was identified via high throughput screening (HTS) and chemical modification. IC(50)s of the most potent compounds range from micromolar to low nanomolar.
The full understanding of dynamics of cellular processes hinges on the development of efficient and non-invasive labels for intracellular RNA species. Light-up aptamers binding fluorogenic ligands show promise as specific labels for RNA species containing those aptamers. Herein, we took advantage of existing, non-light-up aptamers against small molecules(More)
Despite different embryological origins, islet beta-cells and neurons share the expression of many genes and display multiple functional similarities. One shared gene product, vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2, also known as SLC18A2), is highly expressed in human beta-cells relative to other cells in the endocrine and exocrine pancreas. Recent(More)