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This study explored the influence of social value orientation on cooperative behavior. The cooperative behavior of 14-year-old children and adults was measured in prisoner dilemma. Results showed that prosocial adults had higher expectation on others' cooperative behavior. Social value orientation does influence people's cooperative behavior.
The integrity of intestinal barrier is essential for the absorption of nutrients and health in humans and animals. Dysfunction of the mucosal barrier is associated with increased gut permeability and development of various gastrointestinal diseases. Aside from serving as substrates for protein biosynthesis, amino acids also maintain the health of intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of tight junction integrity is associated with decreased nutrient absorption and numerous gastrointestinal diseases in humans and piglets. Although l-glutamine has been reported to enhance intestinal-mucosal mass and barrier function under stressful conditions, in vivo data to support a functional role for l-glutamine on intestinal(More)
AIMS Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins. Incomplete penetrance suggests the existence of modifier genes. Calmodulin (CaM) could be of importance given the key role of Ca(2+) for cardiac contractile function and growth. Any variant that affects CaM expression and/or function may impact on(More)
l-Leucine is a signaling amino acid in animal metabolism. It is unknown whether supplementing l-leucine to breast-fed neonates may enhance their small-intestinal development. This hypothesis was tested with a piglet model. Seven-day-old sow-reared pigs with an average birth weight of 1.45 kg were assigned randomly to the control or leucine group (n =(More)
This study aimed to explore Chinese children's social value orientation across different ages and contexts. Revised decomposed games were used to measure the social value orientation of 9-, 11-, and 14-year-old children and college students as an adult group. About half of them were assigned to the hypothetical context of "equal payment group," providing(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate: 1) the demographics and clinical characteristics, 2) the findings, and 3) the safety and effectiveness in a cohort of Chinese pediatric patients undergoing colonoscopy. METHODS The study participants were consecutive patients aged ≤14 years old that underwent their first colonoscopy in the endoscopy center at the First Affiliated(More)
In this paper, we study the stabilization problem of asymptotically time-invariant linear time-varying systems within the framework of nest algebras. The main theorem of the paper establishes that an asymptotically time-invariant system is stabilizable if and only if the time-invariant part is also stabilizable. The proof relies on the theory of Fredholm(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is caused by germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene APC. To date, the relevance of rare exonic single-base substitutions at nucleotide positions close to splice sites that are predicted to result in missense or silent (SNP) variants or substitutions in introns at splice-site positions that are not highly(More)
BACKGROUND Besides serving as a substrate for protein synthesis, L-tryptophan (L-Trp) is used via serotonin-, kynurenine-, and niacin-synthetic pathways to produce bioactive compounds crucial for whole-body homeostasis. It is unknown whether L-Trp itself can regulate metabolic pathways in animal cells. OBJECTIVE This study tested the hypothesis that L-Trp(More)