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Genome-wide association (GWA) studies revealed a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In an attempt to confirm some of these candidate associations, we genotyped 2046 Caucasian patients and 2417 normal controls from the United States for SNPs in five genomic regions. While no evidence was(More)
Dendritic cells uniquely orchestrate the delicate balance between T cell immunity and regulation and an imbalance favoring immunogenic rather than tolerogenic DC is believed to contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study, we determined the frequencies of three blood DC subsets (pDC, mDC1 and mDC2) in 72(More)
OBJECTIVE Our previous gene expression microarray studies identified a number of genes differentially expressed in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and islet autoantibody-positive subjects. This study was designed to validate these gene expression changes in T1D patients and to identify gene expression changes in diabetes complications. RESEARCH DESIGH(More)
There is tremendous scientific and clinical value to further improving the predictive power of autoantibodies because autoantibody-positive (AbP) children have heterogeneous rates of progression to clinical diabetes. This study explored the potential of gene expression profiles as biomarkers for risk stratification among 104 AbP subjects from the Diabetes(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease resulting from the complex interaction between multiple susceptibility genes, environmental factors and the immune system. Over 40 T1D susceptibility regions have been suggested by recent genome-wide association studies; however, the specific genes and their role in the disease remain elusive. The objective of(More)
Insulin has been shown to possess significant anti-apoptotic effect in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R). However, the contribution by this protection of insulin to the prolonged cardiac function in rats subjected to ischemia remains unclear. The present study attempted to test whether early insulin treatment influences adverse prolonged post-ischemic(More)
It is widely believed that CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) are defective in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and other autoimmune diseases. However, this conclusion is based on the suboptimal in vitro suppression results from very small numbers of subjects. Furthermore, the cells responsible for the suboptimal suppression have not been defined. Therefore, we(More)
CD8+ NKT-like cells are naturally occurring but rare T cells that express both T cell and natural killer cell markers. These cells may play key roles in establishing tolerance to self-antigens; however, their mechanism of action and molecular profiles are poorly characterized due to their low frequencies. We developed an efficient in vitro protocol to(More)
Using a developed rat model of hepatic necrosis and subsequent fibrosis induced by a high-dose intraperitoneal injection of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), we studied iron deposition and expression of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) during the development of persistent liver fibrosis. Rats were sacrificed at several timepoints from 6 h to 10(More)
A case of anal canal neuroendocrine carcinoma with Pagetoid intraepithelial extension is presented. An 80-year-old man was admitted to hospital with a complaint of pain in the anorectal region. Clinical examination revealed a hard and fixed mass in the anal canal, and subsequent biopsy of the lesion showed it to be a carcinoma. The surgically resected(More)