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Studies of young infants are critical to understand perceptual, motor, and cognitive processing in humans. However, brain mechanisms involved are poorly understood, because the use of brain-imaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging in awake infants is difficult. In the present study we show functional brain imaging of awake infants(More)
Human cognition and behaviors are subserved by global networks of neural mechanisms. Although the organization of the brain is a subject of interest, the process of development of global cortical networks in early infancy has not yet been clarified. In the present study, we explored developmental changes in these networks from several days to 6 months after(More)
Lip reading is known to activate the planum temporale (PT), a brain region which may integrate visual and auditory information. To find out whether other types of learned audio-visual integration occur in the PT, we investigated "key-touch reading" using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). As well-trained pianists are able to identify pieces of(More)
The development and aging of four brain midline structures--the pituitary gland, pons, cerebellar vermis, and corpus callosum--were studied. The dimensions and area of these structures were measured by means of midsagittal magnetic resonance imaging. The study group consisted of 94 patients newborn to 15 years old and 49 patients and seven volunteers 16-60(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between cerebral cortical function and white matter myelination in the visual pathway in the evaluation of normal brain development. METHODS The authors performed quantitative analysis of white matter myelination detected with conventional T1-weighted spin echo (SE) MRI and brain functional MRI (fMRI) using(More)
The goal of this study was to reveal auditory dominance in the error correction process that operates in the synchronized tapping paradigm. We presented six female subjects with a sound and a flash, alternately and successively. The subjects' task was to tap in synchrony with the sequence of the attended to modality (the target sequence). The inter-onset(More)
Considerable knowledge on neural development related to speech perception has been obtained by functional imaging studies using near-infrared spectroscopy (optical topography). In particular, a pioneering study showed stronger left-dominant activation in the temporal lobe for (normal) forward speech (FW) than for (reversed) backward speech (BW) in neonates.(More)
BACKGROUND Electrophysiological and behavioral studies have shown that stimulus relevance contributes to auditory processing in sleep and auditory stimuli changes the sleep stages. So we observed changes in auditory processing due to sleep stages by recording infant mismatch negativity (MMN) during different states and investigated the arousal mechanisms.(More)
The blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response to photic stimulation in the primary visual cortex (V1) reverses from positive to negative around 8 weeks of age. This phenomenon may be caused by increased oxygen consumption during stimulation as the result of a rapid increase of synaptic density at this age. To test this hypothesis, we applied existing(More)
Normal development and maturation in pre- and postnatal periods were studied using MR imaging. For this purpose, we performed MR imaging at a postmenstrual age of 37-44 weeks in both low-risk preterm and fullterm infants and assessed the myelination pattern and the dimension of the pituitary gland, corpus callosum, pons and cerebellar vermis. There were no(More)