Yuko Yamashita

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Lanthanides such as La(3+) and Gd(3+) are well known to have large effects on the function of membrane proteins such as mechanosensitive ionic channels and voltage-gated sodium channels, and also on the structure of phospholipid membranes. In this report, we have investigated effects of La(3+) and Gd(3+) on the shape of giant unilamellar vesicle (GUV) of(More)
The extract of licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISHER, Leguminosae) showed CYP3A4 inhibitory activity with the IC50 value of 0.022 mg/ml. Bioassay-guided purification afforded nine compounds, 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid (1), isoliquiritigenin (2), (3R)-vestitol (3), licopyranocoumarin (4), 4-hydroxyguaiacol apioglucoside (5), liquiritin (6),(More)
We have investigated the stability of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) and large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of lipid membranes in the liquid-ordered phase (lo phase) against a detergent, Triton X-100. We found that in the presence of high concentrations of Triton X-100, the structure of GUVs and LUVs of dipalmitoyl-PC (DPPC)/cholesterol (chol) and(More)
We have developed a new method for the preparation of giant liposomes in aqueous solution containing high salt concentrations (up to 2.0 M). Hydrophilic polymers attached to the surface of lipid membranes by including a small amount of poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted phospholipid in the membrane increase the repulsive force between the membranes, which makes(More)
A number of anthocyanin- and proanthocyanidin-free mutants (ant mutants) in barley were induced and selected because of breeding interest to reduce proanthocyanidins, which could cause haze and degrade the quality of beer. Ant loci, known as anthocyanin or proanthocyanidin synthesis genes, are classified into Ant1 to Ant30 through allelism tests. However,(More)
Liquid-ordered phase (lo phase) of lipid membranes has properties that are intermediate between those of liquid-crystalline phase and those of gel phase and has attracted much attention in both biological and biophysical aspects. Rafts in the lo phase in biomembranes play important roles in cell function of mammalian cells such as signal transduction. In(More)
The awn, an apical extension from the lemma of the spikelet, plays important roles in seed dispersal, burial, and photosynthesis. Barley typically has long awns, but short-awn variants exist. The short awn 2 (lks2) gene, which produces awns about 50% shorter than normal, is a natural variant that is restricted to Eastern Asia. Positional cloning revealed(More)
Plants produce jasmonic acid (JA) and its amino acid conjugate, jasmonoyl-L-isoleucine (JA-Ile) as major defense signals in response to wounding and herbivory. In rice (Oryza sativa), JA and JA-Ile rapidly increased after mechanical damage, and this increase was further amplified when the wounds were treated with oral secretions from generalist herbivore(More)
The extract of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai, showed neurotrophic activity toward rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells. Bioassay-guided purification afforded two active compounds, which were subsequently identified to be parguerol and isoparguerol by spectroscopic analysis. It was found that both parguerol and isoparguerol induced neurite outgrowth in PC-12(More)
A new polyketide, aspermytin A (1), was isolated from a cultured marine fungus, Aspergillus sp., which was separated from the mussel, Mytilus edulis. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of their spectral data, and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined by the CD spectrum. Aspermytin A induced neurite outgrowth in rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12)(More)