Yuko Yamashita

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A number of anthocyanin- and proanthocyanidin-free mutants (ant mutants) in barley were induced and selected because of breeding interest to reduce proanthocyanidins, which could cause haze and degrade the quality of beer. Ant loci, known as anthocyanin or proanthocyanidin synthesis genes, are classified into Ant1 to Ant30 through allelism tests. However,(More)
The awn, an apical extension from the lemma of the spikelet, plays important roles in seed dispersal, burial, and photosynthesis. Barley typically has long awns, but short-awn variants exist. The short awn 2 (lks2) gene, which produces awns about 50% shorter than normal, is a natural variant that is restricted to Eastern Asia. Positional cloning revealed(More)
The extract of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai, showed neurotrophic activity toward rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells. Bioassay-guided purification afforded two active compounds, which were subsequently identified to be parguerol and isoparguerol by spectroscopic analysis. It was found that both parguerol and isoparguerol induced neurite outgrowth in PC-12(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore developmental changes, in terms of spectral fluctuations and temporal periodicity with Japanese- and English-learning infants. Three age groups (15, 20, and 24 months) were selected, because infants diversify phonetic inventories with age. Natural speech of the infants was recorded. We utilized a critical-band-filter(More)
The extract of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai, showed cytotoxicity against HeLa cells and antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Bioassay-guided purification afforded four active compounds, which were identified to be laurinterol, laurinterol acetate, debromolaurinterol, and debromolaurinterol acetate by spectroscopic analysis. Although the(More)
Public speaking is an essential skill for a large variety of professions and in everyday life. However, it is difficult to master the skills. This paper focuses on the automatic assessment of nonverbal facial behavior of public speaking and proposes simple and efficient method of head pose estimation and motion analysis. We collected nine speech scenes of(More)
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