Yuko Watanabe

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In humans, stressful events during pregnancy may raise the risk of psychiatric disorders in offspring, and studies with rodents have found that physical prenatal stress can cause changes in the physiology, neurobiology, and behavior of offspring. In the present study, we examined whether psychological prenatal stress with little physical stress could cause(More)
BACKGROUND Exosomes play a major role in cell-to-cell communication, targeting cells to transfer exosomal molecules including proteins, mRNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs) by an endocytosis-like pathway. miRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules on average 22 nucleotides in length that regulate numerous biological processes including cancer pathogenesis and(More)
A transient receptor potential (TRP) family, TRPV4, is a calcium-permeable swell-activated channel, playing a role in cutaneous mechanosensation. To elucidate the localization in the mechanosensitive endings, we found with immunohistochemistry in mice that TRPV4 was expressed both by small (low threshold) and large (high threshold) dorsal root ganglia(More)
PURPOSE A rare and unique occurrence of radiation-induced pulmonary injury was observed outside the tangential field for early breast cancer treatment. The findings appeared to be idiopathic and were termed radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome. The goal of this study was to report and determine the incidence,(More)
Nine rats (16.4%) out of 55 (Rattus norvegicus) from cattle farms were seropositive to Neospora caninum. Two of the seropositive rats were also PCR positive but all were negative by immunohistochemistry and PAS staining. The brains of all the captured rats were homogenized and initially inoculated intraperitoneally into nude mice or into SPF ICR mice, which(More)
A pomegranate extract (PE) from the rind containing 90% ellagic acid was tested for its skin-whitening effect. PE showed inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase in vitro, and the inhibition by the extract was comparable to that of arbutin, which is a known whitening agent. PE, when administered orally, also inhibited UV-induced skin pigmentation on(More)
We aimed to investigate the characteristics of Parkinsonian features assessed by the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) and determine their correlations with the computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The total score and the scores for arising from chair, gait, postural stability,(More)
We collected 86 unrelated clinical Legionella pneumophila strains that were isolated in Japan during the period 1980-2008. Most (80.2%) belonged to serogroup 1, followed by serogroups 5, 3 and 2. Interestingly, the patients with L. pneumophila serogroup 1 had a significantly higher male-to-female ratio (12.4) than the patients with other L. pneumophila(More)
BACKGROUND Klotho is a single-pass transmembrane protein, which appears to be implicated in aging. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the relationship between the soluble Klotho level and renal function in patients with various degrees of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS The levels of soluble Klotho in the serum and urine obtained(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine whether milnacipran, a serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, has an analgesic effect in rats with neuropathic pain. In addition, the c-Fos expression was investigated in the supraspinal sites of the brain and in the spinal dorsal horn in association with the nociceptive processing in rats with(More)