Yuko Tsuruta

Learn More
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are major receptors that enable inflammatory cells to recognize invading microbial pathogens. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play important regulatory roles in a variety of biological processes. In this study, we found that a microRNA, miR-147, was induced upon stimulation of multiple TLRs and functioned as a negative(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is activated by increases in the intracellular AMP-to-ATP ratio and plays a central role in cellular responses to metabolic stress. Although activation of AMPK has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects, there is little information concerning the role that AMPK may play in modulating neutrophil function and(More)
The amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) ending at 42 plays a pivotal role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have reported previously that intracellular Abeta42 is associated with neuronal apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Here, we show that intracellular Abeta42 directly activated the p53 promoter, resulting in p53-dependent apoptosis, and that intracellular Abeta40(More)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a late mediator of the systemic inflammation associated with sepsis. Recently, HMGB1 has been shown in animals to be a mediator of hemorrhage-induced organ dysfunction. However, the time course of plasma HMGB1 elevations after trauma in humans remains to be elucidated. Consequently, we hypothesized that mechanical trauma(More)
RATIONALE Mitochondria have important roles in intracellular energy generation, modulation of apoptosis, and redox-dependent intracellular signaling. Although reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in the regulation of intracellular signaling pathways, including activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, there is only limited information concerning the(More)
Amyloid beta-protein ending at 42 (Abeta42) is the major peptide deposited in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. In immunocytochemical studies, formic acid treatment is used to dramatically enhance Abeta immunoreactivity. Recently, Abeta42 has been reported to accumulate in AD neurons. Since heating is known to enhance intracellular protein immunoreactivity,(More)
The transcriptional factor p53 has primarily been characterized for its central role in the regulation of oncogenesis. A reciprocal relationship between the activities of p53 and NF-kappaB has been demonstrated in cancer cells, but there is little information concerning interactions between p53 and NF-kappaB in inflammatory processes. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND The role of hMSH2 protein, one of the major DNA repair proteins, until now, had not been elucidated in terms of normal endometrial function during the menstrual cycle. The current study was designed to address this issue and to determine whether the expression of hMSH2 is altered in the course of endometrial carcinogenesis. METHODS(More)
Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been used for gene therapy with limited success because of insufficient infectivity in cells with low expression of the primary receptor, the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR). To enhance infectivity in tissues with low CAR expression, tropism expansion is required via non-CAR pathways. Serotype 3 Dearing reovirus(More)
Uterine leiomyoma is a mesenchymal tumor composed of smooth muscle cells with fibrous tissues and many mast cells. Tranilast is known to suppress fibrosis or to work as a mast cell stabilizer and is reported to inhibit proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. In this study, we examined the effects of tranilast on cultured human leiomyoma cells in(More)