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Trichostatin A (TSA) inhibits all histone deacetylases (HDACs) of both class I and II, whereas trapoxin (TPX) cannot inhibit HDAC6, a cytoplasmic member of class II HDACs. We took advantage of this differential sensitivity of HDAC6 to TSA and TPX to identify its substrates. Using this approach, alpha-tubulin was identified as an HDAC6 substrate. HDAC6(More)
The alpha(5) chain-containing laminin isoforms, laminins-10 and -11 (laminin-10/11), are the major components of the basement membrane, having potent cell-adhesive activity. We examined the cell-adhesive and integrin-mediated signaling activities of laminin-10/11 in comparison to fibronectin, the best characterized extracellular adhesive ligand. We found(More)
A cyclic hexapeptide hydroxamic acid inhibitor for HDAC6 has been designed and synthesized on the basis of the facts that alpha-tubulin is the substrate of HDAC6 and of the excellent inhibitory activity of cyclic tetrapeptide hydroxamic acids (CHAPs) for HDACs. Unexpectedly, cyclic hexapeptide hydroxamic acid showed very low HDAC inhibitory activity. To(More)
Cyclic tetrapeptides containing trifluoromethyl and pentafluoroethyl ketone as zinc binding functional group were synthesized as potent HDAC inhibitors. Evaluation by human HDAC inhibition assay and p21 promoter assay showed that these inhibitors are promising anticancer agents.
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